There are various living patterns of Beluga in an undisturbed habitat. Beluga Whales are social animals that migrate in pods. Most pods don’t migrate far, but some will migrate up to 620 miles (Folkens, 319). They migrate north to estuaries in the spring and back south in autumn when ice starts to form. Some pods don’t migrate at all, and are found in estuaries all year around. Estuaries are narrow water ways along coasts where the fresh water from rivers meets the salt water from the oceans. The whales migrate around July because they molt their yellow skin. They molt by rubbing their bodies against the coarse rocks in the shallow water. They molt annually to get rid of old skin that turns yellow. (Discover the World’s Most Endangered Species, arkive.org).
The whales can make a multitude of “trill, squawks, and other bell-like sounds,” that can be heard from in and outside of the water. For this reason, Beluga Whales are known as “Sea Canaries” (Folkens, 318). The sound of the off shore drilling interrupts the whales ability to communicate and forage. This is due to the fact that Belugas can detect prey with sounds sent out through their nasal passages (Worlds Most Endangered Species, arkive.org).
Although Belugas appear to live a simple life, they have many things to fear. In the wild, they are hunted by Polar Bears and Killer Whales. Despite the fact that Polar Bears are land mammals, they attack the Belugas when they are entrapped in ice, fighting for air. The Polar Bears use their claws to scratch and drag the whales on to the