Essay on Theories on Personality

Words: 2778
Pages: 12

1,000- to 1,200-word paper comparing the personality theories of Freud, Jung, Rogers, and Maslow. Outline how each theorist contributed to the study of personality. Identify the features of each theory that differentiate them from the other personality theories.
Personality Develops Gradually
Can be influenced
Can be reinforced Personalities develop over time and are complicated. They are influenced by many different things including the external environment, reinforcement and conditioning.
Is the ego always caught in the middle? Basically yes, and the pressures on it can be intense. In addition to meeting the conflicting demands of the id and superego, the overworked ego must deal with external reality. According to Freud, you
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2. Comfortable acceptance of self, others, and nature. Selfactualizersaccept their own human nature with all its flaws.
The shortcomings of others and the contradictions of the human condition are accepted with humor and tolerance.
3. Spontaneity. Maslow’s subjects extended their creativity into everyday activities. Actualizers tend to be unusually alive, engaged, and spontaneous.
4. Task centering. Most of Maslow’s subjects had a mission to fulfill in life or some task or problem outside of themselves to pursue. Humanitarians such as Albert Schweitzer and Mother
Teresa represent this quality.
5. Autonomy. Self-actualizers are free from reliance on external authorities or other people. They tend to be resourceful and independent. 6. Continued freshness of appreciation. The self-actualizer seems to constantly renew appreciation of life’s basic goodness.
A sunset or a flower will be experienced as intensely time after time as it was at first. There is an “innocence of vision,” like that of an artist or child.
7. Fellowship with humanity. Maslow’s subjects felt a deep identification with others and the human situation in general.
8. Profound interpersonal relationships. The interpersonal relationships of self-actualizers are marked by deep, loving bonds (Hanley & Abell, 2002).
9. Comfort with solitude. Despite their satisfying relationships with others, self-actualizing persons value solitude and