Developing an Ear for the Modernist Novel: Summary As Angela Frattarola attempts to understand the complexities of the modernist novel, she poses the question: why does sight tend to be the most prevalent sense among novels? She opens by describing the first scene of Dickens’s Great Expectations and how the protagonist Pip is entirely focused on what he sees. Dickens uses Pip’s sight to depict his surroundings and establish a setting, which proves that Dickens relies heavily on appearance to provide descriptions. The importance Dickens places on Pip’s eyes in just the opening pages suggests that sincerity is only revealed when looking into one’s eyes. Frattarola then explains how visual descriptions gained popularity in the Victorian era due to the growth and development of art and photography; which by nature, revolves around ocular aspects. Although sight was still the dominant sense throughout the Victorian era, auditory technologies, like the phonograph and wireless radio, started to become a part of everyday life in the mid-1870s. These advances consequently forced authors to concentrate on sound by using descriptive language. Frattarola then contrasts the visual descriptions in Great Expectations with the abundance of auditory descriptions in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway. She explicates, “while the eye has not lost its importance in the modernist novel, the ear has suddenly joined it to present a more complete sensory experience” (Frattarola). Although some philosophers like Foucault, Irigaray, and Bataille harbor “a deep-seated distrust of the privileging of sight”; Frattarola says it is still important for readers to give credit to visual aspects because there is so much more to see than what we actually see (Frattarola). She gives the examples of film and photography, both of which capture a moment that allows onlookers to notice subtleties in nature or other individuals that may have otherwise been missed. Many consider this blurred line between seeing and knowing a crisis, but Frattarola argues that it gives modernist authors a new goal: to explore the interior world and supply readers with a better understanding of the internal monologue. Frattarola finally settles upon the fact that although auditory accounts increased at the turn of the century, visual representations remain an author’s primary source. She explains, through the ideas of Theodor Adorno and Hanns Eisler, that listening is an archaic action as opposed to seeing, which would justify why audio reliance is so overlooked. Frattarola then turns to the ideas of Steven Connor to answer her original question. Connor explains how the act of seeing is more distant from the real world than hearing because sounds cannot be turned off as readily as sight. He therefore considers sight as something that is subjective as opposed to sound, which allows for full emersion. Connor also suggests that “auditory influences on the subject are not limited to just the sounds one hears”, which therefore results in the idea of “inner speech” or stream of consciousness. This forces writers to have to focus on or evaluate what is inside their heads. Next, Frattarola gives examples of how different authors break conventions through their interpretation of stream of consciousness writing. She uses Virginia Woolf’s The Wave to exemplify her point that modernist writers completely turned their attention to everyday noises like “the sound of the sea and the birds, dawn and garden subconsciously preset” (Woolf). Connor explains how in Woolf’s novel, “audition draws characters together while vision separates them” while scholar Cuddy-Keane agrees that it is necessary for readers to give attention to sound…
Female growth In the Correctional System
Author: Sindy Carlial
Thesis: The Growth of Women working in correctional facilities is not only respected but necessary in today's correctional systems. Women bring a required skillset to the profession of correctional officer unlike male counterparts.
A. According to a report filed by the MTC Institute, the archetype for supervision of prisoners at many correctional facilities is changing. Initially, the goal was restraint, control and…
Try, Try again, is something all American kids hear growing up. Parents will use this saying more often than not, to keep their children determined to keep them working at something. To learn that it doesn’t matter how much their child fails; all that matters is they kept trying. Take for example when Americans teach their children to ride a bicycle. They are unknowingly teaching them the fundamental building blocks to understanding the achievement of succeeding…
topic of your paper to the reader. This is where you present your thesis. Your thesis tells the reader what you think or how you feel about a topic. You must support your thesis with examples. An example of this: “Using Public Transportation is more economical, environmentally friendly and socially conscientious than owning a car.” In the introduction, you enumerate the things you will talk about in your paper to support your thesis. In the example provided above, the author tells us that s/he will…
I followed the instructor’s suggestions and altered my thesis statement, by editing the first phrase and reorganizing my sentence. My thesis statement is now more clear and concise.
I am still in the process of writing my paper, hence, I do not know if I can reach the target word count however. I will accept the suggestion and search for an appropriate fourth point of discussion.
I will go thru the entire paper and convert it to the appropriate third person point of view, I will review my…
chosen sources. | 20% |
Project Two: Thesis-Driven Essay [weeks 6-10] In Project 2, you will be asked to compose a polished essay of 1000-1200 words that asserts an arguable thesis and is supported by research. After researching, developing an understanding of both critical literacy and historical perspectives, and learning to extend personal interests into researchable ideas (and arguable claims), you will combine these skills to write a thesis-driven, research-based essay | 30% |
End of Days Essay Outline
Thesis: Religious people encourage the fear of the end of the world is because they want to convert atheists to believe in their religion.
Reason One: Christians believe in the second coming of Jesus, and the days before Jesus comes there are many signs.
There has been more and more earthquakes happening in the world, which is a sign showing that the end is near.
Recently there was a big earthquake in Japan and in Haiti both those earthquakes killed…
Although some suggest Frederick Jackson Turner’s “frontier thesis” holds truth in the fact that the frontiers moved westward steadily, others disagree that the actual settlement of the west was not steady. There are certain events that prove Turner’s thesis unstable such as the homestead act and individualism.
In his thesis Turner chooses to ignore the Native Americans that were living on the land saying it was “free land”. The Native Americans were forced out of their homes as the settlers and…
Automated Grading System
A Thesis Proposal Submitted to the Faculty
Of AMA Computer College-Bacolod Campus
In Partial Fulfillment of the Course Requirement
On CSCI15: Software Engineering
Lieza Mae G. Apsay
Francis Riel Salvador
January 7, 2011
Jack & Jill School was founded by Cecilia del Castillo-Lopez as a preschool in 1963. She converted her living room into a classroom and started teaching to 23 boys and girls…
water mission the Western Union Cable vessel the Lord Kelvin was converted to the ability to lower a cable down several miles, which had a unit attached that fired a hollow dart into the sea bed floor which was then raised with the seabed sample for analysis. 
In the 1950s, Auguste Piccard invented the bathyscaphe and used the "Trieste" to investigate the ocean's depths. The nuclear submarine Nautilus made the first journey under the ice to the North Pole in 1958. In 1962 there was the first deployment…