Developing an Ear for the Modernist Novel: Summary As Angela Frattarola attempts to understand the complexities of the modernist novel, she poses the question: why does sight tend to be the most prevalent sense among novels? She opens by describing the first scene of Dickens’s Great Expectations and how the protagonist Pip is entirely focused on what he sees. Dickens uses Pip’s sight to depict his surroundings and establish a setting, which proves that Dickens relies heavily on appearance to provide descriptions. The importance Dickens places on Pip’s eyes in just the opening pages suggests that sincerity is only revealed when looking into one’s eyes. Frattarola then explains how visual descriptions gained popularity in the Victorian era due to the growth and development of art and photography; which by nature, revolves around ocular aspects. Although sight was still the dominant sense throughout the Victorian era, auditory technologies, like the phonograph and wireless radio, started to become a part of everyday life in the mid-1870s. These advances consequently forced authors to concentrate on sound by using descriptive language. Frattarola then contrasts the visual descriptions in Great Expectations with the abundance of auditory descriptions in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway. She explicates, “while the eye has not lost its importance in the modernist novel, the ear has suddenly joined it to present a more complete sensory experience” (Frattarola). Although some philosophers like Foucault, Irigaray, and Bataille harbor “a deep-seated distrust of the privileging of sight”; Frattarola says it is still important for readers to give credit to visual aspects because there is so much more to see than what we actually see (Frattarola). She gives the examples of film and photography, both of which capture a moment that allows onlookers to notice subtleties in nature or other individuals that may have otherwise been missed. Many consider this blurred line between seeing and knowing a crisis, but Frattarola argues that it gives modernist authors a new goal: to explore the interior world and supply readers with a better understanding of the internal monologue. Frattarola finally settles upon the fact that although auditory accounts increased at the turn of the century, visual representations remain an author’s primary source. She explains, through the ideas of Theodor Adorno and Hanns Eisler, that listening is an archaic action as opposed to seeing, which would justify why audio reliance is so overlooked. Frattarola then turns to the ideas of Steven Connor to answer her original question. Connor explains how the act of seeing is more distant from the real world than hearing because sounds cannot be turned off as readily as sight. He therefore considers sight as something that is subjective as opposed to sound, which allows for full emersion. Connor also suggests that “auditory influences on the subject are not limited to just the sounds one hears”, which therefore results in the idea of “inner speech” or stream of consciousness. This forces writers to have to focus on or evaluate what is inside their heads. Next, Frattarola gives examples of how different authors break conventions through their interpretation of stream of consciousness writing. She uses Virginia Woolf’s The Wave to exemplify her point that modernist writers completely turned their attention to everyday noises like “the sound of the sea and the birds, dawn and garden subconsciously preset” (Woolf). Connor explains how in Woolf’s novel, “audition draws characters together while vision separates them” while scholar Cuddy-Keane agrees that it is necessary for readers to give attention to sound
will need to be in the 2.5-3.5 page range in proper MLA format. Don’t forget to integrate quotations!
Think about this to potentially structure your essay. Remember, this is simply an outline with YOUR thoughts. Ideas can change and develop.
-Thesis: Must relate the epigraph to Antonia and events of the novel and overall meaning (theme).
-Body paragraphs: These should not be chronological plot summary! Break down your claim! Use only information useful to proving your points.
Avery Dukes, Jenny Powel,
and Natalie Kirk
• 2A: We gave this essay a 7 because its not over the top
with is analysis and explanations, but it is well written.
• 2B: We gave this essay a 6 due to its lack of being
specific. However, it was accurate and made its point
• 2C: The essay earns a 5 because it addresses the topic,
but is under developed.
• 2A: 8 “demonstrates sophistication of thought” and
“builds a convincing case”
• 2B: 6 “analysis is supported…
Assignment Criteria for Rhetorical Analysis Essay
Length: a minimum of 850 words.
Format: Check “Assignment Format and Submission” on the course policies handout for information.
Content, Organization, Style: The essay should accomplish the following:
• The writer will analyze the argumentation skills of another writer who has taken a position on a controversial issue and attempted to defend it. In the course of his or her analysis, the writer will state his or her judgment about…
The thesis must address a relationship between Chinese peasants and the Chinese
Communist Party using evidence from the documents.
• The thesis must be further qualified if it simply states a positive/negative or good/bad
• The thesis must be explicitly stated in the introduction or the specified conclusion of the
• The thesis may appear as one sentence or multiple sentences.
• A thesis that merely restates the prompt is unacceptable.
• The thesis CANNOT count…
a literary analysis. You may do this by focusing on one of the following literary perspectives. With all these perspectives, you need to synthesize at least three works from the research list:
The American Dream: Define the American dream and argue its attainability with direct support from the literary works.
The Feminist perspective of the American Dream: Use three works and develop a thesis that focuses on women’s expected mores in the early to mid 20th century. Develop a thesis that embodies…
English 10 Assignment: _____________________________
Almost meets standard
Approaches standard (2)
** Unique, highly individual and a clear, provable argument
**Coherent and written in an exemplary fashion
**Placed appropriately in the paper
**Clear, provable argument.
**Coherent and well written.
**Placed appropriately in the paper
you are saying in your thesis The topic sentence is your contention/the statement about what you are going to prove in that paragraph. The topic sentence guides each paragraph (the thesis guides the essay).
3. Finalize and write your thesis.
• Make sure your thesis responds directly to the prompt as a statement of opinion which can be proved!
• Your thesis should be a clear, analytical, and comprehensive statement supported by your two topic sentences.
• Your thesis must use relevant historical…
How to write a Philosophy
Expand (examples can EXAMPLIFY a
• *Maintain an argument
• A PoR essay has a main point or
THESIS (a proposition that you are
seeking to establish as valid).
• A thesis, in one or two sentences,
sets the direction for the essay in the
introduction and sums up what you
are trying to establish as your
“Religious language is meaningless”…
3 – 5 pages
100 points possible
Final Draft Due: ________________________
Using one or more poems of your choice, write a thesis-driven, argumentative analysis. You may select one of the following prompts or develop your own thesis question to address (with instructor approval). Use the language of analysis and argument addressed in our text as well as in class discussions.
1. Compare and contrast two of the poems we read. Or, compare and contrast one of the poems from…
English 122: Composition II
~ Ancillary Materials ~
ENG 122 Peer Review Guidelines
Use the information below to guide you through your peer review and revision processes.
1. Title Review
If you feel the paper has no title, please make a note of the issue. If you have identified a title,
use the checklist below to evaluate it.
The title and title page are formatted according to the required style guide (APA 6th).
The title encapsulates the selected topic and thesis with…