1. One change affecting families today would be poverty; it continues to be a major concern for families. In today’s society approximately one in five children are born poor. A second change affecting families today would be the rate of single-parent families the rate is increasing, due to high rate of divorce, and separation ‘in any given year, one-fourth of all children live in a single-parent family.
2. (A) Extended families-Children have many family members in the home that can teach and care for them.
(B) Families with adopted children-Children may want to learn about or meet their birth parents.
(C) Foster Families-Adults provide temporary homes and serve as parents until the child can be placed in a permanent home.
(D) Single-parent families-Children see only one parent as a role model.
(E) Step families-Children often have to adjust to new family relationships and rules quickly.
(F) Two-parent families-Child care responsibilities are shared by both spouses
3. (A) Beginning Stage-Spouses adjust to marriage and get to know each other better.
(B) Childbearing stage-Spouses become parents and complete their families by having children.
(C) Parenting stage-Parents focus on guiding and teaching the children.
(D) Launching stage-Spouses may feel lonely as teen or adult children begin leaving home.
(E) Mid-years stage-Spouses focus on panning for their retirement and enjoying their relationship.
(F) Aging stage-Adult children may have to provide care for parents and complete their families by having children.
4. Being responsible for their children’s welfare involves the parents roles of socialization, nurturance, and guidance and discipline.
5. -Power assertion is the type of discipline when a parent(s) use or threaten to use some form of physical punishment. This form of punishment affects the child because the child has the tendency to fear the adult as well as not know what they are doing wrong, they are just being told not to do certain things.
-Love withdrawal is the type of discipline where a parent may threaten or express some form of parent/child separation, an example would be a parent telling the child they do not want them. This is emotional abuse to the child this affects the child because it creates stress and prevents the expression of feelings.
-Induction is the type of discipline in which parents discipline by reasoning and explaining. This technique affects the children because it tends to show better self-control and a display for others as well as allowing the children to take responsibility for their own failures.
6. The democratic parenting style allows children to have some freedom but set rules for their well-being.
7. The permissive parenting style allows the children to do as they please without interference.
8. The authorization parenting style pushes children to be obedient to their parents above all else.
9. -Shared responsibility
-The family is willing to adjust as needed.
10. Cultural diversity is having more than one culture represented.
11. -Communication differences between cultures
-Differing cultural expectations, roles, beliefs, and priorities
-Differing traditions, rituals, and holidays
-Differing views regarding family life
-expressions of bias or exclusion from others, especially family members
Ch.3 Reviewing Key Concepts
1. - Parents invest more money, time, and emotions in their children than they do in any investment in their life. Parenting skills are not automatic a person does not just become a good parent.
2. List three poor reasons people give for wanting to have a baby?
-Out parents wants grandchildren
-We may learn to love again
-Babies are so cute
3. Which is the best reason for wanting to have a baby?
-D. We want to share our life and love with a child
4. What are the most common problems for meeting both career and parenthood demands?
-The most common problem would probably