Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways Thomas Aquinas was a Dominican monk who lived from 1225-1274, who is mainly known and respected as one of the greatest theologians in religion. In The Five Ways, Aquinas puts forth five valid philosophical arguments to prove the existence of a God or higher being. The first point proposes that because change occurs all the time, there must be an Unmoved Mover that all change or movement originates from. The second argument is similar, and points out that with causation, they must be an original cause that put the universe into motion. The third argument states that there are dependent beings (including humans), so there must be an independent being that the dependents rely on for life. The fourth argument suggests that there are degrees of excellence, and if there are imperfect beings such as humans, then there must be a perfect being that exceeds the rest of us in goodness and excellence. The fifth and final argument for the existence of God is the harmony of all things. Nature is harmonic and planned, so if something was planned than logically there must be someone who planned it. These five arguments are all fundamentally sound a posteriori arguments, and I believe each of these points to be correct for various reasons. The argument from change and the argument from causation both strike me as common sense in their principle. Billions of years ago there was nothing, and after the Big Bang the universe exploded into existence. Scientists have this working theory on the origin of the universe, but as of right now they have no answer to what caused the Big Bang. So if we follow the basic rules of logic, that every effect must have a cause, then the only reasonable cause of the Big Bang is a divine creator. The third way is the argument of contingency, which I find to be the least concise and convincing argument that Aquinas puts forth. It states that because human beings and all beings are dependent, than there must be an independent being that the dependents rely on. This argument is shaky because if we assume that the universe is already in existence without the presence of God, then we are already surviving off the energy from the sun and plants. So the third way depends itself on the acceptance of Aquinas’ first two points that assume the existence of God. The fourth way is the way of excellence, which states that since there are various degrees of excellence, there must be a perfect being that is the pinnacle of excellence. This point makes sense to me, and also falls in line with the notion that humans are built in God’s image. If we are imperfect then there must be something perfect. This is true for all areas of life, every scale or measurement goes from zero to the highest point achievable. The last way is the way of…
St. Thomas Aquinas
St. Thomas Aquinas was a determined student, writer, as well as teacher. Born into a large noble family near Aquino, Italy. He began his studies at the young age of five, only to become one of the greatest Christian theologians of the Middle Ages. Attending the Benedictine monastery in Monte Cassino. From there he went on to study at the University of Naples, where he was first introduced to Aristotle’s work. After being taken captive…
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How does Aquinas think we acquire knowledge? |
Makenzie Thornock |
1.) Thomas Aquinas believes that humans are born with a clean slate in a state of potency and acquire knowledge through sense experiences by abstraction of the phantasms. His view on how man acquires knowledge rejects Plato’s theory that humans are born with innate species. Along with Plato’s theory of humans understanding corporeal things through innate species, Aquinas also rejects…
Thomas was born in Roccasecca, in the Aquino county of the Kingdom of Sicily (present-day Lazio region, Italy), circa January 28, 1225. Saint Thomas Aquinas (c.1225-1274) was a scholastic philosopher and Dominican whose work had an enormous influence both on the course of Christian theology and on the course of philosophy generally.
Before Aquinas' work, the dominant figure in Western philosophy was Augustine, who emphasized the principles of God's sovereignty and the…
St. Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas is a famous Christian philosopher. Although he died very young, he lived his life to the fullest teaching people and even writing many volumes of books outlining his thoughts. Through Aquinas’ history and philosophical studies we know about his own views of philosophy.
Thomas Aquinas was born in 1225 in southern Italy. “Before St. Thomas Aquinas was born, a holy hermit shared a prediction with his mother, foretelling that her son would enter the Order…
The Key Features Of Natural Law (18)
Natural Law is an approach to morality that states there is an innate set of rules inside humans that we all strive to follow, it is described as “ the sharing in the eternal law by intelligent creatures” by Thomas Aquinas. It is an absolutist approach as these “laws” are unchanging and objective, the same for everyone. Because natural law has rules it is also a deontological theory, which stems from a teleological standpoint as it has a purpose, all of these rules…
jurisprudence, ranging from Aristotle, who held that there is a natural law which ‘everywhere possesses the same authority and is no mere matter of opinion’, through Cicero, who taught that ‘Nature herself has placed in our ears a power of judging’, and Aquinas for whom the natural law was ‘the participation of the eternal law in the rational creature’, to today’s natural lawyers such as John Finnis who view law from the perspective of its ultimate moral function which is taken to be the ability of law to…
written in the human heart, because man is created by God and for God; and God never ceases to draw man to himself. Only in God will he find the truth and happiness he never stops searching for.” (Catechism of the Catholic Church #27) (Saint, Thomas, Aquinas 2010) It’s just like love in a sense. You cannot prove to others your love you can only show it by your actions. The action of walking by faith and not by sight is how we prove existence, by believing in him and praising his name.
innocent babies and it does not benefit anyone. I feel as if the law should change so that abortion is illegal. These three natural law philosophers: St. Thomas Aquinas, R.M Dworkin and Plato would agree with my newly changed law.
St. Thomas Aquinas was greatly influenced by Christian Teachings. The bible to him was basically law. Aquinas dealt with the question of whether it is permissible to section the uterus of a pregnant woman if this is the only way to baptize the fetus that is in danger…
have chosen St. Thomas Aquinas and Lao Tzu to use in my comparison of Eastern and Western philosophies. My choices are based more on the enjoyment I gained while reading about each character than on any one principle of either’s philosophy. However, my enjoyment did stem from the fact that each person elaborated their points of views in ways that I was able to understand and therefore their words held more power for me than many of the others that I have read about.
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)…
observed that where there is an effect there needs to be a cause, but it was Aquinas who attributed the role of first cause to the God of classical theism
* Most important advocate= Thomas Aquinas
* Came up with 5 ways – first 3 form the cosmological
1. The argument from an unmoved mover
2. The argument from an uncaused cause
3. The argument from possibility to necessity
AQUINAS’ FIRST WAY
* Aquinas observes that ‘in the world some things are in motion’ and that ‘whatever…