Terms to Know: 1. Tariff- a tax on imports, would be the government's chief source of income 2. Bill of Rights- first ten amendments to the Constitution which protect the rights of individuals from abuses by the federal government 3. circuit courts- court that meets at different places within a district 4. excise tax- internal tax on goods or services, was put in place to fund the national debt, was on wines, coffee, tea, and spirits (Hamilton) 5. Whiskey Rebellion- revolt in Western Pennsylvania against the federal exercise tax on whiskey 6. Abrogating-process of abolishing a treaty so that it is no longer in effect; Washington declared neutrality in the Britain and France war 7. strict construction- 8. loose construction- 9. XYZ Affair- incident that precipitated an undeclared war with France when three officials (identified as X, Y, and Z) demanded that American emissaries pay a bribe before negotiating disputes between the two countries 10. Naturalization- process by which people born in a foreign country are granted full citizenship with all of its rights 11. Alien- person from another country who is living in the United States 12. Impressment- removal of sailors from American ships by British naval officers; the Jay Treaty did nothing to stop this 13. Impeachment- the act of charging a public official with misconduct in office 14. High Federalists- term used to describe Alexander Hamilton and some of his less-moderate supporters. They wanted the naval war with France to continue and also wanted to severely limit the rights of an opposition party 15. Aaron Burr- Vice president under Thomas Jefferson who killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel and eventually hatched schemes to detach parts of the west from the United States 16. lame-duck- period of time between an incumbent party's or officeholder's loss of an election and the succession to office of the winning party or candidate 17. midnight judges- federal judicial officials appointed under the judiciary Act of 1801 in the last days of John Adam's presidency 18. Marbury v. Madison- 1803 case involving the disputer appointment of a federal justice of the peace in which Chief Justice John Marshall 19. judicial review- Supreme Court's power to rule on the constitutionality of congressional acts 20. Louisiana Purchase- land purchased from France in 1803 that doubled the size of the United States 21. Yeoman- a farmer who owned his own farm 22. Embargo- government order prohibiting the movement of merchant ships or goods in or out of its ports 23. War Hawks- members of the 12th congress, most of them young nationalists from southern and western areas, who promoted war with Britain. 24. Hartford Convention- 25. Treaty of Ghent- December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border. 26. Alexander Hamilton- secretary of the treasury under Washington who organized the finances of the new government and led the partisan fight against the Democratic Republicans 27. Citizen Edmond Genet 28. Anthony Wayne -was a United States Army officer and statesman. Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his…
The Jeffersonian Era
How Americans expressed their cultural independence.
The impact of industrialism on the United States and its people.
The role that Thomas Jefferson played in shaping the American character.
How the American people and their political system responded to the nation’s physical expansion.
How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and let to the War
2nd Bank of the United States Eulogy -- 1/3/1837
Hello, my name is Lorenzo Daniel and I want to thank each of you for joining us today. For those of you that have traveled far I would especially like to thank you for your time and thanks for those that have helped put this ceremony together. Now I was not a close member or was not directly associated with the 2nd Bank of the United States, but I do know that it affected many people’s lives. For those of you that were close to the 2nd BUS or were…
Thanks to Thomas Jefferson and the many men that helped write the most important document known to mankind that 237 years ago, we were named a free nation. They wrote the foundation of the political philosophy and the Declaration is a statement of principles that the United States Constitution should be interpreted. It provided inspiration throughout the world.
In the whole first paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, there are examples of “Logos”, because of Thomas Jefferson is explaining…
Thomas Jefferson wrote in the rough draft of the Declaration of Independence that everyone has the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. When he says about life, he is saying that everyone has a life and that should not be taken away. Next, he writes about liberty, this is saying that everyone has freedom to live and rights. Finally, he writes about the pursuit of happiness, he is saying that it is feeling of self-worth and dignity you acquire by contributing to your community…
3 May 2012
Known to Americans as one of the Founding Fathers and the principal author of the United States Declaration of Independence and the third President of the United States, Thomas Jefferson is among United States history as one of the greatest Americans to live. Jefferson was the third child of 10 in his family and was born on April 13th, 1743 in Shadwell, Goochland County, Virginia. His father Peter Jefferson was a planter and slaveholder whom meets…
constitutional interpretation coagulated and followed the ideals of men such as Alexander Hamilton. The first opposition political party in the United States was the Republican party, which held power, nationally, between 1801 and 1825. Those who were in favor of states rights and a strict construction of the constitution fell under the leadership of Thomas Jefferson. These Jeffersonian republicans, also known as anti-federalists, believed in strict adherence to the writings of the constitution. They wanted…
A Brilliant Man
Although Thomas Jefferson was a brilliant man who played an instrumental role in our nation’s struggle for independence, he was also a product of his times.
“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal …”
~Thomas Jefferson, July 4th 1776
This quote, written by a founding father ignited energy into the hearts of those who desperately craved their independence. These words of his will forever be noted in U.S. history. He writes of an idea not commonly…
Family: Father: Peter Jefferson, 1708-175, a slave owning surveyor and farmer, whom Jefferson idolized, 1755-1815Mother: Jane Randolph, 1720-1776, the wealthy descendant of an aristocratic Virginia family, cousin of Peyton Randolph, the head of the Virginia House of Burgesses.Eldest Sister: Jane, 1740-1765Elder Sister: Mary, 1741-1804Younger Sister: Elizabeth, 1744-1774Younger Sister: Martha, 1746-1811Younger Brother: Peter, 1748-1748Younger Brother: Unnamed, 1750-1750Younger…
28 February 2015
Thomas Jefferson: The Man Who Started It All
Thomas Jefferson was a powerful political figure and leader in our country. He made numerous contributions to the United States ranging from inventions to legal documents. He also made a few wise decisions that forever affected our country and the world we live in today. Thomas Jefferson made a decision to purchase Louisiana Territory from France which then led another great decision to enlist…
It would be very interesting to have a conversation with the Founding Fathers. Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and George Washington would be fascinated by what America looks like now. There has been many changes from the times they once walked on the soil of the United States which is two centuries ago.
The first Founding Father I would like to talk to is Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson would be fascinated to know that there has not been slavery for over one hundred years…