Terms to Know: 1. Tariff- a tax on imports, would be the government's chief source of income 2. Bill of Rights- first ten amendments to the Constitution which protect the rights of individuals from abuses by the federal government 3. circuit courts- court that meets at different places within a district 4. excise tax- internal tax on goods or services, was put in place to fund the national debt, was on wines, coffee, tea, and spirits (Hamilton) 5. Whiskey Rebellion- revolt in Western Pennsylvania against the federal exercise tax on whiskey 6. Abrogating-process of abolishing a treaty so that it is no longer in effect; Washington declared neutrality in the Britain and France war 7. strict construction- 8. loose construction- 9. XYZ Affair- incident that precipitated an undeclared war with France when three officials (identified as X, Y, and Z) demanded that American emissaries pay a bribe before negotiating disputes between the two countries 10. Naturalization- process by which people born in a foreign country are granted full citizenship with all of its rights 11. Alien- person from another country who is living in the United States 12. Impressment- removal of sailors from American ships by British naval officers; the Jay Treaty did nothing to stop this 13. Impeachment- the act of charging a public official with misconduct in office 14. High Federalists- term used to describe Alexander Hamilton and some of his less-moderate supporters. They wanted the naval war with France to continue and also wanted to severely limit the rights of an opposition party 15. Aaron Burr- Vice president under Thomas Jefferson who killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel and eventually hatched schemes to detach parts of the west from the United States 16. lame-duck- period of time between an incumbent party's or officeholder's loss of an election and the succession to office of the winning party or candidate 17. midnight judges- federal judicial officials appointed under the judiciary Act of 1801 in the last days of John Adam's presidency 18. Marbury v. Madison- 1803 case involving the disputer appointment of a federal justice of the peace in which Chief Justice John Marshall 19. judicial review- Supreme Court's power to rule on the constitutionality of congressional acts 20. Louisiana Purchase- land purchased from France in 1803 that doubled the size of the United States 21. Yeoman- a farmer who owned his own farm 22. Embargo- government order prohibiting the movement of merchant ships or goods in or out of its ports 23. War Hawks- members of the 12th congress, most of them young nationalists from southern and western areas, who promoted war with Britain. 24. Hartford Convention- 25. Treaty of Ghent- December 24, 1814 - Ended the War of 1812 and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border. 26. Alexander Hamilton- secretary of the treasury under Washington who organized the finances of the new government and led the partisan fight against the Democratic Republicans 27. Citizen Edmond Genet 28. Anthony Wayne -was a United States Army officer and statesman. Wayne adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War, where his…
Thomas Jefferson presented cogent, wholly logical, nearly incontrovertible arguments against England’s unjust repression of the American colonists; little did he know that his own words might be used to plead with exceptional logic that he and his fellow founders of the United States should stop repressing black Americans. Banneker uses both logical and ethical arguments to develop his claim that Jefferson now needs to use his eloquence to speak out for all African-Americans, who are suffering…
2nd Bank of the United States Eulogy -- 1/3/1837
Hello, my name is Lorenzo Daniel and I want to thank each of you for joining us today. For those of you that have traveled far I would especially like to thank you for your time and thanks for those that have helped put this ceremony together. Now I was not a close member or was not directly associated with the 2nd Bank of the United States, but I do know that it affected many people’s lives. For those of you that were close to the 2nd BUS or were…
Thomas Jefferson wrote in the rough draft of the Declaration of Independence that everyone has the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. When he says about life, he is saying that everyone has a life and that should not be taken away. Next, he writes about liberty, this is saying that everyone has freedom to live and rights. Finally, he writes about the pursuit of happiness, he is saying that it is feeling of self-worth and dignity you acquire by contributing to your community…
Eng. Comp 1
11 November 2013
Thomas Jefferson, who was born in 1743 in Albermarle, Virginia, was a self-made man. Jefferson spent most of his childhood roaming in the woods and studying his books on a remote family owned plantation in Virginia.
Jefferson received his education in law from William and Mary College. Jefferson was not what most people consider attractive, with red hair and freckles. Jefferson married widowed Martha Wayles Skelton and took her…
Family: Father: Peter Jefferson, 1708-175, a slave owning surveyor and farmer, whom Jefferson idolized, 1755-1815Mother: Jane Randolph, 1720-1776, the wealthy descendant of an aristocratic Virginia family, cousin of Peyton Randolph, the head of the Virginia House of Burgesses.Eldest Sister: Jane, 1740-1765Elder Sister: Mary, 1741-1804Younger Sister: Elizabeth, 1744-1774Younger Sister: Martha, 1746-1811Younger Brother: Peter, 1748-1748Younger Brother: Unnamed, 1750-1750Younger…
28 February 2015
Thomas Jefferson: The Man Who Started It All
Thomas Jefferson was a powerful political figure and leader in our country. He made numerous contributions to the United States ranging from inventions to legal documents. He also made a few wise decisions that forever affected our country and the world we live in today. Thomas Jefferson made a decision to purchase Louisiana Territory from France which then led another great decision to enlist…
Thanks to Thomas Jefferson and the many men that helped write the most important document known to mankind that 237 years ago, we were named a free nation. They wrote the foundation of the political philosophy and the Declaration is a statement of principles that the United States Constitution should be interpreted. It provided inspiration throughout the world.
In the whole first paragraph of the Declaration of Independence, there are examples of “Logos”, because of Thomas Jefferson is explaining…
The Jeffersonian Era
How Americans expressed their cultural independence.
The impact of industrialism on the United States and its people.
The role that Thomas Jefferson played in shaping the American character.
How the American people and their political system responded to the nation’s physical expansion.
How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and let to the War
also chose the first Cabinet: Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of War Henry Knox, Attorney General Edmund Randolph
-Hamiltons’s plan for the debt=high tariffs, Assumption of the US, fed. gov’t assume state debt, this plan opposed by Alexander Hamilton; fear that AH’s plan was bad for farmers & the South, led to first official political parties: Federalists vs. Democratic Republicans
-Jefferson (D-Rs) believed in a strict construction…