Tiberius the Troublesome
The great Tiberius was the second emperor of Rome who from (42B.C- 37A.D) ruled the Roman Empire .Tiberius was a highly successful soldier whose reputation for arrogance and debauchery were probably unfounded. (BBC History). In the early first century A.D the Roman Empire was subject to autocratic rule. Augustus had been ruling for forty years and most of the time he was loved and praised by the senate and by the people during his reign
Although Tiberius reputation toward the senate was very dubious during his reign. Tiberius was a significant Julio-Claudian emperor who achieved a great deal of accomplishments and contributions to the Roman Empire during his reign.
The reign of Tiberius was particularly an important one because it was the first occasion in history, in which the powers designed for Augustus alone were exercised by someone else.
The Julio-Claudian dynasty refers to the first five emperors Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero. These fived great men ruled the Roman Empire from its formation until (68A.D) after the last line Nero committed suicide In Tiberius early reign Tiberius emerges from written and archaeological sources as a mysterious and darkly, complex being, whose attributes are intelligence, trickery, and deceit Tacitus refers to Tiberius as a villainous emperor (Tacitus, annals.)Tiberius was not originally supposed to be emperor, only after Julia’s two sons died was he then appointed heir to the throne.
Tiberius well respected Augustus views and values and tried to model himself after Augustus. When Augustus fell ill and shortly died. Tiberius knew it was time for him to set up and claim the throne.
The senate did not agree and did not trust Tiberius simply because; Tiberius tried to mimic Augustus political ability and also showed reluctance to any advice given to him from the senate.
The roman senators strongly believed that Tiberius did not acquire the necessary skills and political views as Augustus. This gave out mixed feelings in the senate and further resentment of the ruling of Tiberius.
Like the emperors before him Tiberius was faced with many test and challenges during his reign over Rome to prove to the senate that he was not a political inability. Tiberius knew he was capable and forceful leader. Although he assumed actual power he did so unwillingly refuse most of the titles given to him by the senate. Many citizens and people believed that Tiberius was well on his way to becoming a true autocrat. Tiberius began to take firm actions against foreign beliefs because he thought they were a threat to traditional roman values and culture.
Tiberius expelled many Egyptian and Jewish religious followers from Rome and also banished many astrologers. Tiberius enforced justice with the roman government of the provinces.
The real significance of Tiberius reign is most evident in the political, social, legal and military developments during his reign
During Tiberius reign he did in fact follow the laws and instructions of Augustus. Which were, to never undertake in any expensive foreign war and to avoid any major expansion. Tiberius made two great important innovations during his reign as emperor. The first was lengthening of the tenure of provincial governors and the centralization of the governmental system
Some people took different sides when reflecting on Tiberius rule. Some people believed that he was truly a fair and good emperor. Who was able to maintain peace at home and security along the borders of Rome. Tiberius seemed to some citizens as an administrator who retained the republican form of government as much as possible. And also a proud leader who kept the army and economy well disciplined.
Others say that Tiberius was a cruel and tyrant leader whose writing portrayed a completely evil and twisted ruler who used his unlimited source of power to destroy his