Tourism is a movement of individuals or groups from their origin to other places; looking for different needs. It is staying outside homelands, it can be for less than a year; for leisure, business and educationvidual move from one place to an other 6666666666666666666666666666666666666, excluding working in the foreign country, receiving a salary and paying taxes (WOS, 1995). It is linked with other activities such as doing worship or sports. Families prefer to travel to ancient, natural beautiful places seeking something out of the ordinary, and where their friends and relatives live (Eagles, 1992). To determine an area as a destination country or points of interest visited by tourists, should be taken into account the number of people visiting and how the number keeps growing, safety precautions and the level of tourists satisfaction (Murphy, 2013). This essay focuses on the answers of many inquiries that talk about the advantages and disadvantages of tourism and ways to deal with the risks and overcome them.
Tourism provides an economic relief to countries that are suffering with an economic crisis and high unemployment rates. Tourism helps create jobs and proves to be a source of social and environmental interest. However, it is important to manage the aspect of tourism carefully so that the positive impacts of tourism always outweigh the negative. An example of that would be, having an increase in the number of tourists (more economic income) whilst carefully monitoring and reducing any damage to the environment that may be caused .
Many specific economic holdings are provided by travel and tourism. It is the main method to obtain revenue and wealth by people, local councils, and businesses through the amount of profit that annually may gain by foreign currency exchange. Moreover, it is a shortcut to increase the chance of getting a job in tourism sectors or any work related such as marketing (Kreag, 2001). However, Fleming and Toepper (1990) do not agree with this point of view, they argue that tourism has adverse economic holdings. According to them, the main problems facing destination countries are the ease of getting a job created by tourism are often temporary or seasonal with poorly paid. Moreover, the need of construction such as hotels and streets to accommodate the large number of tourists which in turn, make the government imposes more taxes on population which cause exhaustion of the citizen. McConnell (1972) proposes to tackle this issue, government should promote and diverse more tourism activities and create a strict law in order to protect employees' salaries. If this happens, employee salaries and job opportunities increase. But, if employees are not protected, this will be harmful for host communities.
According to , the social and cultural repercussions are the most sensitive influences on the community because of their active role in influencing the cultures, languages, customs and traditions.
It is mainly to preserve the domestic heritage, local industries such as handcrafts, ceremonies and language. It helps people to understand different cultures and religions from all over the world. In addition to that, integrating with other civilizations and looking at the problems which face the world as a shortage of the medicine. On the contrary, opposite views which refer to the pessimistic social and cultural results are expressed by Liu, Sheldon et al., (1987), they refer to tourists' behavior which could change the way of life and harm the local population through unfavorable habits such as gambling and drinking. To reduce this risk, government should monitor the tourist sites and find out what is happening there to control and prevent the community from being influenced. The loss of native language through mixing with tourists is the most serious problem facing communities. To face that