Toyosaburo Korematsu's Case For Evading Internment

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Pages: 3

In 1944, two months after the Pearl Harbor attack on February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, part of which authorized the order for the removal/relocation between 110,00 and 120,000 Japanese-Americans on the west coast of the United States were forced to relocate to one of ten Internment camps located throughout the interior of the country. Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu, an American citizen of Japanese descent, refused to leave his home in San Leandro, California, and go to an internment camps. Korematsu was convicted for evading Internment as a result, Korematsu then challenged the constitutionality of the order and eventually his case made it to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled with a 6-3 majority vote which upheld Korematsu’s conviction. The Court also accepted
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armed forces argument that the loyalties of some Japanese-Americans didn’t lie with the United States but instead with their ancestral country. This argument led the Court to decide that the security of our nation outweighed the Constitution’s promise of equal rights for all citizens.

After the Pearl Harbor attack and America’s declaration of war against Japan in 1942 there was a TON of anti-Japanese paranoia because of the large Japanese presence on the West coast, and Japanese-Americans were then feared as a security threat. So nearly 120,000 Japanese-Americans who lived on the West coast were forced by law to relocate to an Internment camp. However, Fred Toyosaburo Korematsu, a born American citizen and also one of the many people with Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast, stayed behind behind in his San Leandro, California home while his parents