Grand Canyon University
August 21, 2013
Traits and Skills Theory: A Doctoral Learner Comparison Approach in Understanding Leadership Traits and Skills
Two empirical research studies were compared in the comparison matrix. The articles were located in the Grand Canyon University library. Article one written by Connelly, et al. (2000), is entitled: “Exploring the Relationship of Leadership Skills and Knowledge to Leader Performance.” Article two written by Baum and Locke (2004) is entitled:” The Relationship of Entrepreneurial Traits, Skill, and Motivation to …show more content…
Both empirical studies compared sample population, results findings, questions, and limitations. The study by Connelly, et al (2000) empirical research compared a sample population of officers from six grade levels in the United States. Officers from sample A (N=348) and B (N=373) were used. Four groups of officers completed a combination of different samples. Reliability was all within an acceptable range. Baum and Locke (2004) incorporated a sample study of 442 CEOs and 202 employee participants. The average employed at least 6 in 1993 compared to 20 in 1998. The study eliminated 185 CEO’s based on their responses from a sample of 229 entrepreneurs. Study resulted in: CEOs (229/849=27%) sample population; (229/414=55% respondents.
Research Limitations Connelly, et al (2000) research limitations were based on several influences. First limitation was based on the measurement framework. Second, organizational levels were not compared in assessing potential differences in leader skills and knowledge to performance. Third, results were not cross-validated.
Baum and Locke (2004) research limitations were also based on several influences. First, other industries should have been studied. Second, SEM instrument was used. Third, sample was too small.
Research Findings During the research study, it was confirmed each purported specific findings. Connelly, et al (2000) “research supported the hypotheses that leadership skills