UNICEF is created by United Nations, as an international non-profit organization which stands for saving the lives of the children and promoting welfare throughout the whole world. UNICEF is an large organization with a large strength which drives to build up a world where the children’s rights are equally balanced, because of the large international position, it has large authority to influence the decision-makers, to fulfill their ideas into the reality. It is represented around almost 190 countries.
UNICEF is mandated by the United Nations general assembly to advocate for the protection of children's rights, to help with their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach for the full potential. UNICEF is guided by the convention on the rights of the child and strives to establish children's rights as enduring ethical principles and international standards of behavior towards children. They insist that the survival, protection and development of children are universal development imperatives that are integral to human progress. They mobilize political will and material resources to help countries, particularly developing countries, ensure a "first call for children" and to build their capacity to form appropriate policies and deliver services for children and their families.
They are committed to ensuring special protection for the most disadvantaged children - victims of war, disasters, extreme poverty, all forms of violence and exploitation and those with disabilities. They respond in emergencies to protect the rights of children. In coordination with the United Nations partners and humanitarian agencies, UNICEF makes its unique facilities for rapid response available to its partners to relieve the suffering of children and those who provide their care. They aim witching its country programs, to promote the equal rights of women and girls and to support their full participation in the political, social, and economic development of their communities. UNICEF works with all its partners towards the attainment of human development goals adopted by the world community and the realization of the vision of peace and social progress enshrined in the charter of the United Nations. UNICEF focus areas are divided into five parts. Those parts are child survival and development, HIV/AIDS and children, child protection, basic education, policy advocacy and partnership.
By aiding child survival and development by operating with governments, a national and international agency UNICEF supports all of the works of child protection systems in social resources, finances and laws. For HIV/AIDS UNICEF focuses on four aspects: prevention, care, treatment and protection. The focus areas are as follows; preventing mother to child transmission of HIV, providing treatment, preventing infection among people, protecting and supporting affected children by HIV and AIDS, and advocacy and partnership. UNICEF is dedicated to taking action everywhere it is required the most. This includes equally access to education, a quality of basic education and early childhood development. Child protection from the natural disasters and armed conflicts, which expose children to risks of violence and abuse, is another thing that is a part of UNICEFs vision. Their concentrations are on the important impact of social and economic policy which has influents on the children by working with several countries and having them as partners they can provide help in education, health and social protection.
Situation audit and Background
After World War II, many children were raised in very poor conditions. UNICEF was created in December 1946 by the United Nations to provide those children with food, clothes and health care. In1953 UNICEF becomes permanent part of the UN. The UN General Assembly extends UNICEF’s mandate indefinitely. UNICEF begins a successful global campaign against yaws, a disfiguring disease affecting millions of