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Name: Daniel Booth
Please note that this Assessment document has 9 pages and is made up of 4 Parts.
Part 1: Understand how diet is linked to health
1. Define what is meant by the term ‘healthy diet’.
The term healthy diet is one were you help maintain and improve your general health. A healthy diet provides your body with enough essential nutrition: fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate amount calories. It is recommended that you eat from 5 food groups and drink adequate amount of water. The five main food groups are made up from; Fruit and vegetables, Starchy foods, such as bread, rice, potatoes and pasta. Choose wholegrain varieties whenever you can, or eat potatoes with their skin on for more fibre, Meat, fish, eggs and beans, Milk and dairy foods, Foods containing fat’s and sugar
1. Fruit and vegetables
Fruit and vegetables are a very good source of fibre and important vitamins and minerals. It is recommended to eat five portions of fruit of vegetables a day.
2. Starchy Food
Carbohydrates are most commonly found in starchy foods. Our meals should be based around starchy foods trying to use wholemeal alternatives were possible or eating potatoes with their skin on for more fibre.
3. Meat, fish and eggs
Meat, fish and eggs are a good source of protein which are needed for the growth and repair of the body against any form of injury. They are also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals these include zinc, iron and B vitamins. It is also one of the main sources of vitamin B12
4. Milk and dairy foods one of the best sources of calcium comes from milk and dairy this helps keeps you bones healthy and strong. To note consume to much fat you should consume semi skimmed milk, skimmed milk, cottage cheese, low fat or hard cheese and low-fat yoghurt.
5. Foods containing fats and sugar
Fats and sugar when eaten correctly are a great source of energy, If you eat too much fats and sugars you consume more energy than you use and weight gain is caused. There are 2 types of fats saturated and unsaturated fats, saturated can cause blood cholesterol levels to raise and increase you risk of heart disease. Unsaturated fats can actually help reduce cholesterol and provide fatty acids needed to stay healthy.
2. Describe why the healthy diets of adults and children may be different. Provide at least three examples of these differences.
Children under the age of 5 need to consume fewer calories than adults as their bodies are much smaller and are much more active than adults. Children under 5 should not have too much fibre. They should drink unsweetened juice or water and not fizzy sugary drinks. Children under 5 should eat healthy nutritional meals and snacks with plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Children over 5 should be encouraged to try different variety of food to help them eat healthier later in life, they should eat the same healthy food as adults but with more vitamins and minerals to support the growth. This means they need wholegrain rice, more calcium for growing bones and more healthy proteins.
Adults diets are recommended to be low in fat, low in sugar and salt high in fibre and with 5 portions of fruit and veg a day.
3. Give an outline of at least three lifestyle diseases associated with unhealthy diets.
For Type 2 diabetes you are at a greater risk of developing it with a