Unit 1 Assignment 1 Integrated Circuit Hellip Essay

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Words: 610
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Larry Pfaff
Unit 1 Assignment 1 Integrated Circuit Technology
Processor
Transistor count
Introduced
Intel 4004
2300
1971
Intel 8008
3500
1972
Intel 8080
4500
1974
Intel 8085
6500
1976
Intel 8086
29000
1978
Intel 8088
29000
1979
Intel 80286
134000
1982
Intel 80186
55000
1982
Intel 80386
275000
1985
Intel i960
250,000
1988
Intel 80486
1180235
1989
Pentium
3100000
1993
Pentium Pro
5,500,000
1995
Pentium II Klamath
7500000
1997
Pentium II Deschutes
7500000
1998
Pentium III Katmai
9500000
1999
Pentium II Mobile Dixon
27400000
1999
Pentium III Coppermine
21000000
2000
Pentium 4 Willamette
42000000
2000
Pentium III Tualatin
45000000
2001
Pentium 4 Northwood
55000000
2002
Itanium 2 McKinley
220000000
2002
Itanium 2 Madison 6M
410000000
2003
Pentium 4 Prescott
112000000
2004
Itanium 2 with 9 MB cache
592000000
2004
Pentium 4 Prescott-2M
169000000
2005
Pentium 4 Cedar Mill
184000000
2006
Dual-core Itanium 2
1,700,000,000
2006
Core 2 Duo Conroe
291000000
2006
Core 2 Duo Wolfdale
411000000
2007
Core 2 Duo Allendale
169000000
2007
Six-core Xeon 7400
1900000000
2008
Core i7 (Quad)
731000000
2008
Core 2 Duo Wolfdale3M
230000000
2008
Atom
47000000
2008
Six-core Core i7 (Gulftown)
1170000000
2010
Quad-core Itanium Tukwila
2,000,000,000
2010
8-core Xeon Nehalem-EX
2,300,000,000
2010
Six-core Core i7/8-core Xeon E5 (Sandy Bridge-E/EP)
2,270,000,000
2011
Quad-core + GPU Core i7
1160000000
2011
10-core Xeon Westmere-EX
2600000000
2011
Quad-core + GPU Core i7 Ivy Bridge
1400000000
2012
8-core Itanium Poulson
3100000000
2012
62-core Xeon Phi
5000000000
2012
Six-core Core i7 Ivy Bridge E
1860000000
2013
Quad-core + GPU Core i7 Haswell
1,400,000,000
2014
8-core Core i7 Haswell-E
2,600,000,000
2014
18-core Xeon Haswell-E5
5,560,000,000
2014
15-core Xeon Ivy Bridge-EX
4,310,000,000
2014
Duo-core + GPU Core i7 Broadwell-U
1,900,000,000
2015

The processor chip reached 2 billion transistors with the model Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila and it was launched in 2010. The reasonable growth in the number of transistors used in integrated circuits is acceptable based on Moores Law that states “that each new chip will contain roughly twice as much capacity as its predecessor and each chip was res released within 18 to 24 months of the previous chip.” But if Moore’s law is a natural law, it should follow an S-curve rather than a simple exponential. By graphing the evolution of the number of transistors as a function of time from the commercial appearance of the first integrated microchips you can see it is not an S-curve,…