1.1 Identify the main points of contracts of employment
A contract is a legalised document fixed on the mutual agreement between the employer and employee. Within a contract are where it specifies what the terms and conditions, the employee responsibilities and what the main duties include. The contract also includes the entitlement of sick pay, holidays, annual leave, the rate of pay and the hours that are required to work. Even though different companies and different aspects of work have individual contracts, every contract will have the standard requirements to corporate. The standard requirements that are required by law include;
This shows the position you will hold in the workplace, it can include your main responsibilities and also the level of your employment. Place of work
This will include where you will be based during your employment, however this may change in the future.
This will include all of your main duties and what you will be required to do while employed by the company, However this may also change depending of different circumstances. For example, you could be a quick learner so your employer could extend or re-evaluate your duties. Responsibilities
This is what the employee is going to be obligated to do in their role at the work place.
This will include the procedures of taking holidays and the amount of days you are eligible to take, and also whether it includes bank holidays. By law the minimum required holidays are 28 days including bank holidays.
Hours of work
This will show the amount of time the employee is required to work.
This will be your hourly rate of pay and the overall annual pay discussed by your employer. It should also tell you how you will be paid, whether it’s weekly or monthly.
This will include the amount of time that is required by the employer before the employees position comes to an end.
This payment will replace the employee’s standard wage while they are out of work through injury or sickness. This should also provide details on whether the payment will be received through the employer or a different organisation. The sick pay can include payments (depending on the circumstances) from the insurance company, state sickness, the employer and association of the employer or the welfare fund.
1.2 – Identify the main points of legislation affecting employers and employees
Almost all employers now have a policy referring to discrimination on the grounds of sex, race, disability, religion, age, marital status and sexuality or sexual orientation. The policy should be incorporated into the contract of employment stating that discrimination of any kind will not be accepted.
The law recognises four forms of discrimination: direct discrimination, harassment, indirect discrimination and victimisation. The Sex Discrimination Act makes it unlawful for employers to subject someone to sexual harassment. Sexual harassment in itself is prohibited by the Sex Discrimination Act, however it will be accompanied by other forms of unfavourable treatment.
It will be unlawful for an employer or any person concerned with the employment of others to discriminate against any other person, whether it’s on the grounds of the persons colour, race, ethnic or national origins.
It is unlawful to discriminate against employees because of a physical or mental disability or fail to make adjustments to accommodate a worker with a disability. Employers must not directly discriminate against a person because of their actual or perceived disability; also they must not treat a disabled person unfairly because of their impairment.
The equal pay (equality of terms) provisions in the Act apply to all employers irrespective of their size and whether they