Unit 19 Essay

Submitted By nummington
Words: 1055
Pages: 5

Unit 19: Applied Sociological
Perspective

Sunisa King
Task 1

What is unequal society?
There are many types of inequality within society like; stereotyping and social exclusion against someone due to their age, sex, religion, gender, disability and social background. Inequality can happen to anyone and it can be in different forms. Not everyone within society experience the same type of inequalities and opportunities. Some social groups are seen to have a higher social status and therefore are seen more important – with more opportunities than others.

Prejudice – people who have a preconceived opinion on someone based on first thoughts and feelings.
Labelling – stereotypical and judgemental characteristics is given to someone.
Stereotyping – assuming that a social group share the same characteristics and ignoring their individuality.
Discrimination – treating someone differently to others because of their personal characteristics like age, race or gender.
Marginalisation – excluding someone or a social group within society.
Social exclusion – people who have problems like poverty, low income, unemployed and poor housing.

Social Class
People with lower social class status are more likely to live in areas where they are exposed to harm such as air-pollution and damp housing; this can cause health problems such as asthma.
Lower social class people are more likely to have a lower mortality rate. Among men, the dominant factor is smoking, which accounts for over half of the difference in risk of premature death between the social classes.
Premature deaths from lung cancer are five times higher among men in unskilled manual work compared with those in professional work.
Taking into consideration the concept of an unequal society in social class, social exclusion can occur. For example; lower social status can be decline to certain services due to their poorer financial status.
People are have a higher social status tend to have more opportunities, whereas people who are considered to having a low social status find it difficult to find work.
People who have a higher social class tend to have more luxuries, can afford to go on holidays and are also able to buy what they like, because their jobs are seen to be more important and they are paid more that people who are considered to be in the lower class.

Gender
Depression
Women are 2-3 times more likely than men to suffer from depression. Women are particularly vulnerable to depression and other mood disorders during hormonal transitions in the lifespan (puberty, pregnancy, and menopause).
Stroke
Each year, approximately 40,000 more women than men suffer from a stroke. This is related to women’s greater life expectancy and the higher rates of stroke in the oldest age groups.
Drug Addiction
Women are more likely to experience more severe withdrawal symptoms than men when trying to quit an addictive substance, and generally find it more difficult to quit than men do.
Pain
Many chronic pain conditions are more common in women, such as rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, migraine, and osteoarthritis (after age 45). Women generally show greater sensitivity to pain than men do.
Road Accidents men are more than twice as likely to die in a car crash as women. 73% of all people killed in car accidents are male however men drive about 60-65% more driving than women. Women have more accidents but are less serious than men. On average, women live longer than men - 81.5 years compared with 77.2 years.
Women are more likely to feel pressure and be more insecure at work than men.
Women cannot do certain jobs but men can and this can lead to women having less opportunities than men. However it goes the same for men, men can do certain jobs whereas women can’t.

Ethnicity
Black and ethnic minority communities often have a shorter life expectancy, poorer physical and mental health compared to other ethnic minority groups. This is possibly due to not having effective support from medical…