1.1 The factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services are:
Recognize the individual needs, age, and abilities of the children and young people.
Recognize the specific risks to individuals. Such as, Sensory impairments or mobility restrictions.
The need of carers when applicable.
The duty of care.
1.2 Health and Saftey is monitored and maintained in the work place by checking the room every morning before children arrive to make sure that the setting is free from any hazards and to keep the child safe. All toys are kite marked, checked regular for damages, and age appropriate. All hazardous substances are always locked away. People in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards by going on a regular health and saftey course, and having regular staff meetings.
3.1 As practitioners, our main concern is to keep children safe from harm. Doing this can be very hard, as at the same time we need to encourage them to experience risk and challenges. If we try to remove all risks from children’s lives we could be risking restricting their learning experiences. It is very important that we teach children skills that will help those managing dangers and risk for themselves. Giving children the opportunity to experience a certain level of risky experiences will help them to develop confidence and competence to make their own balance approach is taken in risk taking, so children are not over protected. Children are allowed to play and explore in safe environment and make right decision about risk with the help of adult. Children need to learn how to control risk themselves; by learning what is a safe boundary are with the help of adult, and showing the children how to recognise the risk and dangers in the safest way possible. When you do any new activity it does create dilemma and conflict at some point between the duty and care and children rights. The activities we do with children, make they are right age for the that ,and extra care of children during the activity ,because if is any things goes wrong then we have to make balance decision between the risk and child right.
3.2 Every one working within the child care industry has a duty of care towards every child and the child saftey is of paramount importance. Children and young people have the right to learn and develop, the right to be protected from harm and make choice. Children learn and develop by making their own choice in life3.3, exploring and experiment the environment around but they do not necessarily have the skill and judgement to make the right choice all the time. As a practitioner we must be there to support them by giving them the skill for example a child should not be stopped from playing with spade and planting vegetable outside but instead must be provided with child size tool, show them how to dig the soil and plat and supervise the child when doing so thus minimizing the risk and if any accident do happen there is always a qualified first aider to deal with it.
As a practitioner we need to give children that freedom to explore experiment and make choice but also make sure that the risk is managed by doing risk assessment and adult supervision. Children are bound to have accident when learning new thing but they must not stopped from doing so but we must look for ways of how this can be done safely.
3.3 There are a few important things to think about when planning for healthy and safe environments with children. Most of these are common sense but you need to remember that everyone is an individual and may have different needs. The setting should have copies of all the latest legislation and guidance as well as their own policies and procedures. There are several points to take into account when planning for a childs safety which are as follows.
• Every child is an individual – with different needs depending on their age