In England and Wales Policies and Procedures for safeguarding and Child Protection are the result of the Children Act 1989. The Children Act 2004 which introduced changes to the structure and organization of the way child protection is after the serious case review of Victoria Climbè.
Children Act 1989
Simplify law already in place.
Seen as a serious “shake up” of children’s rights and protection.
Made clear to childcare workers what duties they had while working with children and young people.
Childcare workers should work as a team in the event of a child abuse allegation.
Children Act 2004
Introduced further changes to child protection system.
Revised arrangements for sharing information.
New common assessment framework to help agencies to identify welfare needs.
Allowing children to remain safe in their environments.
Assist children in their quest to succeed.
Childcare Act 206
Update on safeguarding.
Improve outcomes for young children.
Ensure there is sufficient high quality integrated early years provision and childcare for parents locally.
Vetting and barring scheme
Introduced October 2009.
Aim to prevent unsuitable people from working with children and young people.
CRB checks on two levels.
Anyone working or volunteering with children and young people or vulnerable adults are required to register with the independent safeguarding authority.
In early years settings and schools each have their own set of policies and procedures in regards to safeguarding children in their care. These must cover the children’s safety, security and well-being. These i and Procedures will set out a number of responsibilities for staff to follow and may be separate or incorporated into one health and safety policy depending on the setting. These policies must include: -
Safeguarding and protection and procedures for reporting.
Bullying (including cyber bullying).
All practitioners within the setting will have a responsibility to safeguard the welfare of all the children in their care.
Child Protection is part of the wider work to safeguard and promote the welfare of children and young people in regards to the activity that is used to protect children who are being abused or neglected. It involved protecting children from being mistreated and prevents impairment of a child’s development and health to ensure they are raised in a positive way in safe and caring environments. Parents and careers that fail to protect or care for their child/children could be taken to court and could also have their child/children removed from the home and put in care or fostered. This is a rare occurrence however as it all depends on the seriousness of the case only when at risk of harm in continuous cases would services be promoted to remove a child, as they will mostly work with the family to protect the child/children. Wider forms of safeguarding include: -
Risk assessments (providing safe environments inside and outside the setting)
Procedures and legislation (health and safety, fire drills, registers)
Keeping training up-to-date in safeguarding issues
Assessments of observations to help to identifying additional support that is needed.
All settings and organizations that deal with children and young people must have a safeguarding policy in place, which should be updated and reviewed regularly. All staff that work or volunteer at these settings and organizations must know these policies and the procedures to follow in the event of any case of concern. These also explain and highlight the importance of the shared responsibility’s as there can be multiple agencies involved dealing with each case. The staying safe action plan recognizes a multitude of important aspects in the wider view of safeguard including
Keeping children safe from accidents
Crime and bullying
Activity promoting their welfare in a healthy and safety environment.
There are many