Unit 4 Vocab APUSH Essay

Submitted By Kayla-Bradley
Words: 1882
Pages: 8

Chapter 11
Revolution of 1800

Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from
Federalist to DemocraticRepublican, so it was called a
"revolution."

midnight judges

a nick name given to group of judges that was appointed by John
Adams the night before he left office. He appointed them to go to the federal courts to have a long term federalist influence, because judges serve for life instead of limited terms

Marbury v. Madison

Supreme Court decision declaring part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional, thereby establishing an important precedent in favor of judicial review.

Louisiana Purchase

1803, the U.S. spends $15 million to buy a large amount of land from the west of the Mississippi from France; doubled the size of the United States

impressment
Chesapeake affair

1807 - The American ship
Chesapeake refused to allow the
British on the Leopard to board to look for deserters. In response, the
Leopard fired on the Chesapeake.
As a result of the incident, the U.S. expelled all British ships from its waters until Britain issued an apology. They surrendered the colony to the English on Sept. 8,
1664.

Embargo Act

Act that forbade the export of goods from the U.S. in order to hurt the economies of the warring nations of
France and Britain. The act slowed the economy of New England and the south. The act was seen as one of many precursors to war.

Thomas Jeffersonn

3rd President of the United States.
He favored limited central government. He was chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; approved of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and promoted ideals of republicanism. Sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore this territory. John Marshall

A public official of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He served as chief justice of the Supreme Court from 1801 to
1835. His interpretations of the
Constitution in cases such as
Marbury versus Madison served to strengthen the power of the Court and the power of the federal government generally.

William Clark

Led the Corps of Discovery with
Meriwether Lewis in 1804-1806; explored Louisiana Territory and traveled to the Pacific Ocean. Drew maps, constructed forts and lead men. Soldier and explorer.

Aaron Burr

A political leader who served as vice president of the United States in the first term of Thomas Jefferson
(1801-1805). After he killed
Alexander Hamilton in a duel, his career declined. He was later involved in a bizarre conspiracy to sever the western states and territories from the Union. He was tried for treason but was acquitted.

Meriwether Lewis

U.S. explorer: leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition 1804-06.

James Madison

U.S. explorer: leader of the Lewis and Clark expedition 1804-06.

Tecumseh

A Shawnee chief of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He took arms against
American settlers moving into the
Middle West, and supported the
British in the War of 1812, in which he was killed.

Non-Intercourse Act

Law passed by Congress in 1809 reopening trade with all nations except France and Britain and authorizing the president to reopen trade with them if they lifted restrictions on American shipping.

Macon’s Bill #2

opened trade with britain and france, said if either nation repealed its restrictions on neutral shipping the US would halt trade with the other, didn't work

war hawks

Southerners and Westerners who were eager for war with Britain.
They had a strong sense of nationalism, and they wanted to takeover British land in North
America and expand.

Chapter 12
Battle of New Orleans

Hartford Convention

An event spanning from December
15, 1814-January 4, 1815 in the
United States during the War of
1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the
United States was discussed. The end of the war with a return to the status quo ante bellum disgraced the
Federalist Party, which disbanded in most places.

Treaty of Ghent

Signed on December 24,…