Identifying what makes a presentation effective
Organizing a presentation
Preparing and giving a presentation ◆ Warm-up Practice
◆ Listening Task
◆ Speaking Task
◆ Reading Task
◆ Writing Task
◆ Follow-up Practice
We need to discuss some questions about what we are going to learn in this unit. Sure, that’ll help us understand better about what we are asked to do.
The human voice can be powerfully persuasive or weakly ineffective
– successful people understand the difference. 1. Discuss the following questions.
1) What is a presentation?
2) Have you ever given a formal presentation? Did you enjoy the experience?
3) Have you ever given a formal or informal presentation in English? Who to? What about?
4) How often do you give presentations inside your company or your school? Who to? What about?
5) Can you list some factors that should be considered in preparing and delivering a presentation?
What is a presentation?
A presentation, in the broadest sense, is every encounter you have with every person you ever meet.
It's when you sit squirming in an interviewer's chair trying to be eloquent when you are asked why you left your last job. More specifically, however, when we talk about the business presentation, it could mean whenever you are asked to appear in front of one or more people for the purpose of explaining, educating, convincing, or otherwise conveying information to them, you have a presentation.
2. Read the passage (6.3) and answer the following questions:
1) Why is it important to know what sort of audience a presentation is intended for?
Understanding the makeup of your audience can help you give a presentation in an appropriate way as different audience may have different expectations or requirements.
2) Why do you need to prepare a presentation script?
A presentation script can help you to deliver your presentation in a well-structured and professionally developed way.
3) What should a presentation generally consist?
It generally consists of four basic parts, an opening, body, summary and closing.
4) Why is it important to use the proper visual aids?
Visual aids help audiences engage with the material you cover and offer critical reinforcement for both your main points and your supporting evidence. They can also act as a memory spur to help you stay on track when you're standing in front of your audience. Used well, visual aids can enhance understanding of the topic, add variety, support your claims, reinforce your ideas and give your presentation lasting impact.
5) What do you need to do on the presentation day?
On the presentation, you need to arrive and set up early and make sure everything you need for the presentation is ready.
6) What techniques can a speaker use to hold the attention of the audience during a presentation? (Open)
Key Steps to an Effective Presentation
1. KNOW YOUR SUBJECT MATTER
2. KNOW YOUR AUDIENCE
3. DEVELOP A THEME
4. PREPARE YOUR SCRIPT
5. SELECT THE PROPER VISUAL AIDS
7. PRESENTATION DAY
8. FOLLOW UP
Tips to help your presentation skills
Know what you are going to say - make sure that you have practised and revised the content where necessary so that you are able to make a confident and polished presentation on the day.
Practice with handouts and props - if you are using handouts or other props in your presentation, practice with them as part of your preparation so that your presentation flows.
Don’t use the word sorry! - you may be nervous on the day and there may be things that don’t go quite according to plan. Don’t apologize, the chances are the audience will not even have noticed.
Think and predict - spend some time thinking about likely questions you will be asked and your response to them.
Remember a little nervousness is natural but thorough advance preparation and planning will give you the best possible