You should always reflect and celebrate the diversity of the people you are supporting. There are many reasons people think and act the way they do and only by building up a comprehensive knowledge about these important things can you help them fulfil their wishes and needs.
You can find out about someone’s history, preferences, wishes and needs by looking at their support plan. This will look at a variety of different things e.g. physical, emotional, social, spiritual, communication, support and care needs. Support plans also contain other information e.g. medical history, family contacts, and risk assessments. You are required to make sure you read and work to the requirements of the support plan, to record any changes and repot any significant changes. You will need to understand your boundaries and responsibilities regarding the individuals you support. If unsure of the boundaries and responsibilities ask your senior
3.1 Analyse factors the influence the capacity of an individual to express consent.
Factors can include: Mental conditions e.g. mental capacity. Physical conditions e.g. communication abilities. Availability, or lack of options. Awareness of choices. Age. Participation. Engagement. It is important to adapt ways in with you work to overcome barriers e.g. using physical or communication aids, or seeking help were necessary.
3.3 explain what steps to take if consent cannot be readily established.
If consent cannot be obtained you must not proceed with any care or clinical activity. If someone refuses their agreement or changes their mind, you must stop whatever you are doing. You may repeat the information again just to be sure any questions or concerns have been addressed but never try to persuade or pressure someone. Any refusal must be reported immediately to your supervisor, and recorded in the appropriate place.
4.1 describe different ways of applying active participation to meet individual needs. Active participation is a way of working that recognises an individual’s right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible; the individual is regarded as an active partner in their own care or support rather than a passive recipient. For example it may be easier and quicker for you to bring someone’s lunch to them. But this would reinforce that they are no longer able to do it themselves. Time spent supporting them to walk to the lunch serving area using a walking aid and choosing their lunch and you carrying it back to the table if necessary is better leaving as it leaves people feeling less dependent and gives people self-esteem.
4.2 EXPLAIN HOW THE HOLISTIC NEEDS OF AN INDIVIDUAL CAN BE ADDRESSED BY ACTIVE PARTICIPATION.
Holistic covers all aspects of an individual’s wellbeing
5.1 Discribe differnet approaches to support an individual to make informed choices.
One of the key roles of a support worker is to provide information to the service users about some choices they may have to make, this information could include,
The exact nature of the project
The location of the project
The type of activities
The general atmosphere and ethos of the project
The number of people who will be attending
What the trasport arrangements will be
Informed information will be. accomidation Money
Aids and adaptions
Education and learning
All of us have the right to make informed choices about all aspects of our living.
5.2DESCRIBE HOW YOUR WOULD SUPPORT AN INDIVIDUAL TO QUESTION OR CHALLENGE DECISIONS CONCERNING THEM THAT ARE MADE BY OTHERS.
If a relative or friend has made a decision about an individual’s care, support or life that the individual is not happy or comfortable with, you may need to support the individual to question or challenge the decision. If the individual remains sure that