Although with dividing the work of the government among the three branches, the Constitution created methods for each branch to control the powers of the other branches. The Executive Branch may veto bills which are passed by the Legislative Branch, which prevents the Congress from enacting laws that the Executive Branch doesn’t want to become active. The Legislative Branch can attempt to override the Executive veto if it strongly wants the bill to become law (Waldman, 2012).
The system of checks and balances can be found throughout the Constitution in the relationships between the different branches of government. For example, the President holds a check over Congress through the veto power. Congress on the hand can overturn the veto if two thirds of them vote to do so, and also they can impeach in the House of Representatives; and vote to remove the President from office in the Senate. For example, the Senate checks the President’s diplomatic powers by having approval power over treaties with foreign nations. Therefore the federal judiciary has the power to rule on the constitutionality of laws; but the President appoints its member and the Senate must give it the approve it needed. Congress passes laws, and the President must sign or as noted about veto these transactions (Waldman, 2012).
Levin-Waldman, O. M. (2012). American government. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
The Equal Rights Amendment prevents denial of rights on the basis of sex. According to Noble, (2012) Alice Paul, leader of the National Woman’s Party (NWP), proposed in 1921 that “Men and Women shall have equal rights throughout the United States,” she initiated a constitutional struggle that continues to this day. Nearly half a century of determined campaigning, the reworded Equal Rights Amendment was finally approved by Congress in 1972. The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) was intended to enforce equality in all aspects of the law for all persons regardless of gender. Its wording specifically said:
Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any States on account of sex.
The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by…