The Constitution provides checks and balances within the three branches of government to protect the equality of power. It is also necessary the three branches to work together because they, in and of themselves have a natural synergy with one another. But at the same time, the three branches of power should remain separate and distinct in the exercise of power, because the mixture of these powers cause for a dangerous accumulation of corruption. A specific way that citizens are protected from the danger of corruption is our right to vote for our Representatives. In Section 2, it states that the House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every two years by the people of the several states. This serves as a way to evenly distribute power to other people, without having one person holding power for too long.
The purpose of the constitution is to protect the freedom of the people, protecting the natural rights of life, liberty, and property while still having a strong government to balance power to keep order. Without the laws, the people would take advantage of the power that is given to them, and they could cause harm to others. If one were accused of breaking the law, all persons are to be put in trial by jury. The 6th amendment allows for a person to be able to have a counsel for his/her defense. In Article III section 3 it states, the Congress has to power to declare punishment of treason, but “no attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.” This is an example of the limitations of power of the Judicial branch, in other cultures if one person was a criminal, his/her family would have to forfeit their belongings to the state.
The Constitution still serves the same purpose in defending our freedoms, in continuous pursuit of the