Essay about Us Governemnt

Submitted By 12gmn7
Words: 1973
Pages: 8

Journal 14 & 15
(1)The U.S. President is one of the most powerful elective offices in world today Serves as head of Executive Branch enforces and administers laws created by delegates to Constitutional Convention as a compromise. Now article II is the part of the Constitution that deals with the Executive Branch and Article II is basically just a short outline of powers. A large part of America’s early political history deals with defining the extent of the executive power. As the country grew and industrialized, especially in times of emergency, people demanded that the Federal Government play a larger role and looked to the President for leadership. Stronger and more effective Presidents have taken a broad view of the powers of the office. Teddy Roosevelt viewed his broad use of Presidential powers as the “Stewardship Theory”. Other Presidents have viewed a strong executive as a threat to liberty, and have interpreted the powers of the office narrowly. (2) Now the President is responsible for carrying out the nation's laws. The President must carry out laws with which he or she disagrees, but nonetheless has discretion in interpreting the laws and deciding how vigorously the laws will be enforced and most of the powers exercised by the President is derived from past precedents as well as congressional authorizations. In addition the bureaucracy of the executive branch is under the authority of the President. The President has the authority to issue executive orders, which have the force of law; executive orders are necessary to the functioning of the executive branch. Within the powers that the President gets, he can appoint them; he has the power to appoint to a handful of officials. The president must get the approval from the senate to have his nominees get the appointed power. Since there is a power to give power, there is one to take away those powers. There has been disagreement over whether the President has the power to remove, at will, individuals whom he has appointed, with the consent of the Senate. The President's power to remove people from office has generally been upheld by Congress.
(3) Now the diplomatic and military powers that president first has, involves treaties which is a formal agreement made between two or more sovereign states. These usually act through the Secretary of State, and the President may negotiate treaties (or international agreements). Also the Senate must approve treaties by a two-thirds vote. Once approved, they become the law of the land with same force as any other law. Though there has been a small minority in the Senate that has sometimes been sufficient to block approval of a treaty. A treaty may be also be abrogated by Congress by passing a law contrary to its provisions. A current law may also be repealed by the terms of a treaty and in case a Federal law and a treaty conflict, the courts take the most recent to be enacted as the law. For the most part, Congress afforded the President much more control over matters involving foreign affairs that it has over matters involving domestic policy. Much of that philosophy stems from the fact that he is recognized as head of state, Commander-in-Chief, as the chief executive of a major nuclear power, and the perception his authority, as view by foreign nations. When a president is involved in foreign matters, a pact between two subordinates or the President and the head of a foreign state is called an executive agreement. The executive agreement came about in response to the actions of the Senate over the League of Nations. The executive agreement has the same force as a treaty, except that Senate approval is not required and the main difference between a treaty and an executive agreement is that it lasts only as long as the executives who made the deal are in office. To add to the President’s powers, is the power of recognition which is the allows the President to recognize or acknowledge the legal existence of a country and