Us History Study Guide Essay

Submitted By monster0053
Words: 342
Pages: 2

* John Quincy Adams = * Drafted a "circular letter" for Massachusettes assembly to pass and circulate to other colonies. * Abolition = * The act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery) * Missouri Compromise = * an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories * Henry Clay = * United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852) * Annexation = * the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation * Nullification = * the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress * Manifest Destiny = * This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory. * McCulloch v. Maryland * 1819, Chief justice John Marshall limits of the US constitution and of the authority of the federal and state govts. One side was opposed to establishment of a national bank and challenged the authority of federal govt to establish one. Supreme court ruled that power of federal govt was supreme that of the states and the states couldn’t interfere * Worcester v. Georgia = * Supreme Court Decision - Cherokee Indians were entitled to federal protection from the actions of state governments which would infringe on the tribe's