View on the Medicated Child Throughout this paper I will be discussing Jessica’s bipolar disorder, whether children should be medicated, and the side effects of medicating children. There are many questions being raised about medicating children such as, how do we diagnose children? There are not as many answers to questions like how will medication affect my child. We need more research though ethically we can’t experiment on children, or are we? Jessica was a 12 year old adolescent patient of Dr.David Axelson. Axelson says she had a two to three week period of depression at about four and a half that is also seen in adults with severe depression. This early symptom onset made it easier to diagnose Jessica. Her symptoms included her not caring for herself, not getting out of bed. She also was just staring at walls, not eating, had no interest in anything, and had marked retardation (very little movement). At five Jessica answered questions and Axelson got the okay from her parents to tape the visit. On tape she appeared to be clearly euphoric, agitated, expansive, very active, and impulsive according to Axelson. In my view of the video, she was very abnormal in the office setting. She was capable of describing her feelings. Her feelings were strangely and extremely angry for a five year old. Jessica talked about banging her heads off walls and wanting to decapitate her parents. It was very obvious that something was wrong with her. The tricky part is what; that is always the real question. In recent years there has been a 4,000 percent increase in the diagnoses of bipolar disorder in children. In Jessica’s case it was the right decision to medicate. A common side effect to bipolar medication is tics, but Jessica had tics even before the medication. Her tics initially started at just three years old as a symptom of obsession compulsive disorder. She is now older and had even said the medication makes her more normal and her mother agrees that she could not function without the medication. Bipolar consensus in children is not as well studied as in adults, and there are strong debates about key symptoms in children. Diagnosing bipolar in children is difficult and controversial because it is not a single illness it is a spectrum disorder. Symptoms occur in varying combinations and differing degrees of severity. The rise in bipolar children is due to doctor failing to realize bipolar symptoms and calling children oppositional or ADHD. When diagnosing bipolar clinicians usually place patients in one of three categories: bipolar I, bipolar II, and bipolar NOS. Also according to Alexson, it is unpredictable if a child will have bipolar disorder as an adult. Though making an accurate diagnosis requires careful evaluation, in some cases it could take years. Doctors need to consider normal childhood stresses, anxieties, and what symptoms actually need treatment with no clear-cut scientific answer to do so. Of course, there are pros and cons of treating children with antipsychotic medications. How much do we know about medications and how they work in a child’s brain? We actually know very little on the subject at hand, and it is very complicated in treating an illness like bipolar disorder. Really no antipsychotic drug has been approved for treating children with schizophrenia or bipolar disorders. There is no knowledge of if it is safe or what combinations of medication are successful. I feel as though it is a trial and error game with these children. There are not even known long-term side effects. Despite this, doctors are doing the best they can to help these children. What are they supposed to do? Not even try? Hopefully one day they have obtained enough information to safely and effectively treat bipolar disorders in these children. Parents and families that feel helpless should pay attention to their questions and doubts. They should talk about their concerns with mental health providers or family and friends to…
India’s Mines, Despite Legal Ban, Gardiner Harris writes about the evidence of child labor violations and the treacherous working conditions they undergo. Many children, “some as young as 5” go to work every day in dangerous mine pits dressed in improper attire and no protection from the wretched working environments. Though it states in the article that there are specific laws in place in India to protect children and “ban child labor” it’s been difficult to enforce. It’s apparent they are not making…
The Medicated Generation: Adderall
In our generation more and more doctors are turning to drugs, or medication, as treatment for various psychological disorders, especially in children and teenagers. Take for example the drug Adderall, a powerful and addictive stimulant prescribed to adults, children and teenagers, who suffer from ADD or ADHD. However, while this drug is available only via prescription it seems to me that half the collage students…
what they see and experience
Cannot understand abstractions Interested in how things work and also what causes things to happen
Can concentrate on more than one thing at a time.
Less egocentric (increasingly see things from another’s point of view)
Development of brain, in particular frontal lobes which are responsible for planning, reasoning, social judgment, and ethical decision making, among other functions
Children believe rules are seen as sacred and inflexible - actions are primarily…
child focuses (centers) on one idea, excluding all others
daddy is a father only, can’t be a brother or son, that’s all hes known as
Child’s tendency to think about the world entirely from their own personal perspective (self-centeredness)
Child thinks that nothing changes
whatever is now always has been & always will be
ON TEST! ex: older son looks at picture of wedding photo & asked if he was being babysat during the wedding
Professor Linda Raasch
Abnormal Psychology 2200 01-02
16 April 2014
The Medicated Child
The Medicated Child was produced by M. Frederick for Frontline and aired on PBS on January 8th, 2008. This film can only be described as a fundamental expose into the world of grossly over-prescribed medications given to potentially misdiagnosed children. Frontline gives us front row tickets into childhood mood disorders fed by unsafe antipsychotic drugs that lack testing and regulation. The story…
Examine functionalist views of the role of the family (24 marks)
Functionalists believe that society works exactly the same as the human body. There are key areas in it that all depend on each other in order to function. Key believers in the functionalist theory were George Peter Murdock and Talcott Parsons. They both introduced key concepts of the theory. Basically, functionalists regard the body as a major organ in the body of society.
Murdock believed that the nuclear family (a family consisting…
BIBLICAL WORLD VIEW ESSAY
In The Essence of the New Testament: A Survey, Towns and Gutierrez, the authors concur with other Biblical scholars understanding that “the teaching of Romans is not only crucial for Christian theology, but the greatest revivals and reformations throughout the history of Christianity have resulted from an increased understanding and application of the teaching of this epistle”
This essay will attempt to summarize how the first 8 chapters of this amazingly…
children with ADHD be medicated? Although many parents, doctors, and teachers would say yes I believe there are far too many risks for children with ADHD to be medicated. [You left out a comma in the previous sentence.] Diagnosing ADHD is purely a matter of a doctor's opinion. Parents often use medication as the first option for their children instead of trying alternative methods of medication. Medication needs to be the last option.
Children with ADHD are being medicated unnecessarily. The problem…
Thomson's View of Abortion
In the article "A Defense of Abortion" Judith Jarvis Thomson argues that abortion is morally permissible even if the fetus is considered a person. In this paper I will give a fairly detailed description of Thomson main arguments for abortion. In particular I will take a close look at her famous "violinist" argument. Following will be objections to the argumentative story focused on the reasoning that one person's right to life outweighs another person's right to autonomy…
nervousness and give a bad impression.
Linking to H&S:
In a health and social care context (Day care nursery to be precise), a child can demonstrate challenging behaviour. When you correct that child by your Body language alone the child should be able to understand that his behaviour was inappropriate. Things like folding your arms and keeping eye contact show the child that you are serious and you mean business.
The environment is also key in influencing communication, if the environment…