1. General Court: Massachusetts Bay legislature that tried Anne Hutchinson for heresy; banished leading Antinomians after trial. 2. John Winthrop: First governor and founder of Massachusetts Bay Colony (~1630). Envisioned a “city upon a hill” that would cause Anglicans in England to reform 3. Restoration Colonies: Colonies given to pay off royal debts in return for loyal citizens’ support of Charles II during the restoration. First was Carolina. 4. Leisler's Rebellion: America's response to the glorious revolution. Leisler took over a NY Harbor in support of King William and Mary. Established self government. 5. Quaker: Faith started by George Fox in Pennsylvania. Everyone has an “inner light” and can commune with God directly. 6. Navigation Acts: Governed commerce between England and colonies; Mercantilism! The colonists disliked them somewhat, but the acts benefitted them because it ensured a market for their goods. 7. Half-Way Covenant: Fewer protestants were becoming saints, so Massachusetts clergy allowed children of baptized adults, including non-saints, to be baptized in order to preserve the fading religion. 8. Dominion of New England: The king combined several colonies into one larger colony; self-governments dissolved, and crown-appointed governors placed in power instead. Gave more power to England, roused anger. Royal Centralization. 9. Bacon's Rebellion: Nathaniel Bacon led previous indentured servants and plundered Indian towns. Governor Berkeley condemned this action, which prompted Bacon and supporters to march to Jamestown (capital) and overthrow him. 10. Enlightenment: Advancement in political thought; skepticism towards belief not founded on science/logic. Idea that rationalism, logic, and reason solve all problems. Deism. 11. Great Awakening: Religious revival throughout the colonies. People started to question their religion and new ones were formed. Movement focused on travelling (itinerant) preachers called New Lights, who preached about hell. Old Lights (traditional, local preachers) disliked. 12. Albany Congress: First attempt at colonial unity. Seven colonies met (CT, MD, MA, NH, NY, PA, RI) in 1754. They discussed a treaty with the natives and unified defensive measures against the French. Failed, but represented unity. 13. French and Indian War: A war between Britain and France (who had Indian assistance). When the war ended, England began to enforce the Navigation Acts upon the colonies. This eventually led to the Revolution. 14. Writs of Assistance: General search warrants granted to British customs officials. Allowed them to search anywhere they wanted for illegally imported goods. Challenged in court when colonists declared they violated rights. Case lost. 15. Stamp Act: A direct tax imposed by the British. Required stamps for legal documents, newspapers, cards etc. Led to the slogan, “No taxation without representation!” An example of imperialism (not mercantilism). 16. Townshend Acts: External tax on tea, paint, lead, glass. Caused massive boycotts in the colonies. Economic issues forced England to repeal all taxes except for the one on tea. 17. Tea Act: Gave the East India Trading Company, who was struggling financially, a monopoly on the colonial tea market. The EITC didn’t have to pay tariffs, so tea prices actually went down. However, colonists still infuriated. Led to Boston Tea Party! 18. "Common Sense": Pamphlet by Thomas Paine. Inspired revolutionary sentiments by challenging that the monarchy wasn’t beneficial for the colonies. 19. Second Continental Congress: Represented the first organized government and war effort in the colonies. The Olive Branch Petition was written, not the declaration.
20. Saratoga: Turning point in the American Revolutionary War. General Benedict defeated General Burgoyne. Convinced France to help us in our war efforts. 21. Treaty of Paris of 1783: Ended the revolutionary war.…
Vocab Ch. 5
1. Code of Conduct- A statement that guides the ethical behaviors of a company and its employees
2. Checking Account- A bank account which payments can be ordered by a depositor
3. Endorsement- A signature or stamp on the back of a check transferring ownership
4. Blank Endorsement- An endorsement consisting only of the endorser’s signature
5. Special Endorsement- An endorsement indicating a new owner of a check
6. Restrictive Endorsement- An…
· Aztecs- Native American empire that controlled present-day Mexico until 1521, when they were conquered by Spanish Hernán Cortés. The Aztecs maintained control over their vast empire through a system of trade and tribute, and came to be known for their advances in mathematics and writing, and their use of human sacrifices in religious ceremonies.
· Battle of Acoma- Fought between Spaniards under Don Juan de Oñate and the Pueblo Indians in present-day New Mexico. Spaniards brutally crushed the Pueblo…
Extra Credit Essay
The film “ Lincoln ” by Steven Spielberg gives a glimpse into the the last few months of
sixteenth President Abraham Lincoln’s Presidency. The overall topic of the film was the
President's efforts in January of 1865 to get the 13th amendment to the U.S. Constitution passed
by the U.S. House of Representatives. Also Lincoln is afraid that the Emancipation Proclamation
will be discarded once the…
February 21, 2013
1. Lusitania- A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died.
2. Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty- Treaty signed in 1903 between the United States and panama that allowed the United States to build the Panama Canal. United States leased the 10-mile wide Canal Zone with a down payment of $10 million and an annual payment of $250,000 for ninety-nine years. Occurred shortly after the Panama revolution that gave…
APUSH Ch. 4
In what ways were the lives of women and men in New England similar? In what ways were they different?
Like in a lot of other parts of Europe, women and men had very different lives. They did have their similarities, such as following strict religious values, generating large families as part of the Puritan foundation, and took part in agriculture and farming. But compared to differences, there were barley any similarities because women were always looked…
11 March 2015
The Roaring Twenties : Charlie Chaplin
1. Background Information
a. In 1919, Chaplin cofounded the distribution of United Artists, therefore giving him
full control over his movies.
b. He had created many many silent films and became the king of the silent film
c. He released his first political film in 1940, “
The Great Dictator”
opinion throughout the nation.
d. His popularity quickly declined by the controversial statements…
APUSH P. 1
5 January 2015
Discuss the impact of industrialization on workers in the United States from 1865
to 1914 and explain the ways that individuals and the government responded to
the problems created by industrialization.
3) The impact that industrialization had on workers in the US is important to understand
because in this time period industrialization was a huge part of people’s life and changed
many by cre…
APUSH 5 Essay
With the increase in the federal power, many people didn’t like what was going on. This eventually brought up many conflictions within the United States. Such as the Whiskey Rebellion, The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions, The Hartford Convention, and the Nullification Crisis. These problems helped come to about the end of the Federalist Government in expel of the democratic Republican Government, concerned with the consumes of all of its citizens.
The Whiskey Rebellion was a…
There are many reason I wish to take an AP Social Science. First, I feel like I can get more from this class then from regular U.S. History. This is because the class is AP, but also the people who also enter this class will be people I can learn from. I also feel like I am good with history as a subject and want to improve myself intellectually. Another reason is that this class is weighted and will prepare for college. I want to take as many AP classes as I can and try to keep…