1) DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TERMS AS THEY APPLY TO ENGINEERING
a. Technology-anything people do to change the natural world to better suit human needs and words(wetf)pg.8
b. Microenterprise-is a small business that can be run by an individual or a family.(wetf)pg.8
c. Patent-is a document issued by the government that gives an inventor the sole right to make, distribute, or sell a particular invention for a certain number of years(weft)pg.8
d. Appropriate technology-a technology that can be manufactured, maintained, repaired and improved with local community resources.(wetf)pg.8
2) DEFINE – and DISCUSS – these individuals’ roles in engineering
a. Engineers-improve or create new technologies Role: use the laws and theories that scientists develop to design new technologies
b. Scientists-investigate the natural world and how it functions Role: to find explanations for why things happen, then conduct experiments to see if their explanations are right.
c. Technicians-refers to everything that people do to change the world to suit human needs and wants Role: participate in engineering projects too.
3.)Describe the effects of deforestation in Haiti.
d. Ninety-eight percent of the forests in Haiti have been harvested, resulting in wildfires habitat loss and soil erosion from this event the Haitian villagers have lots of a charcoal. They do this because it’s a cheap enough way for these people and also very easy to find the unemployment has led to poverty meaning these people are to poor to afford any other fuels.(wetf)pg.4
3) Define – and give an example of – a developing nation
a. Developing nation-a nations where the standard of living and average income are much lower than in the United States, Canada, and Japan. Africa is a developing nation that has a very low income compared to united states
BEGIN ANSWERING THE QUESTIONS TO CHAPTER 1 HERE
1) Engineering has been important to us by :
a. Giving us the research to make computers to have a bigger information resource to type things to a device that we have privacy to
b. Second reason is engineering help us make machines like mining machine for our resources, or solar panels for house infinite power from the sun radiation, and etc….
c. Last reason it helped us explore place that we didn’t know exist in the world or ocean or moon.
2.) The difference between a scientist and engineer is that a scientist does experiments and research. While a engineer makes machine that a tech people fix and finalize
3.) a) computer b) television c) phone d) mouse e) monitor f)hard drive g) dry erase electronic board h)projector I) wireless internet connection box j)printer 3 ½) I think a copier, a printer, scanner, computer were used in the making of this book
4.) Appropriate technology means a machine or piece of mechanical equipment that can repaired manufactured maintained or improved with local community supplies and example that’s appropriate technology is nuclear fusion reactor, because it can