U.S vs. Soviet Union Space Race The U.S versus Soviet Union Space Race caused a rapid increase in worldwide technological advancement, but ended in the collapse of the Russian Government over all the money spent. The Space Race between the US and the Soviet Union was a mid to late 20th century competition for supremacy in outer space exploration. The Space Race started after World War II. It was originally a missile-based arms race that occurred just after the war ended, when both the Soviet Union and the United States captured advanced German rocket technology and personnel. It was motivated by the Cold War desire to display scientific and technological superiority. Besides displaying their technological superiority both nations were determined to come up with news and improved ways to spy on each other. The race involved pioneering efforts to launch artificial satellites, sub-orbital and orbital human spaceflight around the earth, and piloted voyages to the moon. Between 1957 and 1975 the ideological and technological rivalry between the two nations was focused on space exploration. The Space Race spared unprecedented increases in spending on education and research, which accelerated scientific advancements which led to additional spin-off technology. The Space Race can trace its origins to Nazi Germany in the 1930‘s when Germany researched and built operational ballistic missiles. German aerospace engineers experimented with liquid-fueled rockets, with a goal of reaching high altitudes and traveling long distances. The Germans ballistics head Lieutenant Colonel Karl Emil Becker, put together a small team of engineers that included Walter Dornberger and Leo Zanssen, to figure out how to use rockets as long range artillery in order to sneak their way around the Treaty of Versailles ban on research development of long range cannons. Wernher Von Braun, a young engineer was recruited by Becker and Dornberger to join their secret army program held at Kummersdorf-West in 1932. This was a great opportunity for Von Braun because he already had dreams about conquering outer space. During the Second World War, Dornberger was the general and head of the army’s rocket program and Von Braun was the technical director of the ballistics missile program. This was a powerhouse team with lots of knowledge, which led them to build the first vehicle to reach outer space, the Aggregate-4 (A-4) rocket, during it’s test flight program in 1942 and 1943. Because of the rockets huge test flight success by 1943 Germany was mass producing the A-4 as the Vergeltungswaffe 2 (“Vengeance Weapon” 2, or more commonly the V2) This was a ballistic missile with a 200mi range carrying a 2,500lbs warhead at 2,500 mph. The V2’s supersonic speed meant there was no defense against it, and radar provided little warning. With the V2 Germany bombed southern England and Western Europe from 1944 to 1945. After the war the V2 became the early beginnings of the American and Soviet Rocket designs. American, British, and Soviet scientific intelligence teams competed to capture Germany's rocket engineers along with the German rockets themselves and the designs they were based on. Each of the Allies captured a share of the available members of the German rocket team, but the United States benefited the most with Operation Paperclip recruiting Von Braun and most of his engineering team, who later helped develop the American missile and space exploration programs. The United States also acquired a large number of complete V2 rockets. After Von Braun’s team captured the V2 rockets the next step was to find a training ground where their test could begin. In America, Von Braun and his team were sent to the United States Army’s White Sands Proving Ground, located in New Mexico in 1945. They began by assembling the captured V2’s and started a program of launching them and instructing American engineers in their operation. Some of the major accomplishments of the…
Confederate 2,000 (South)
Union retreats to D.C.
Second Battle of Bull Run
August 29th & 30th 1862
Union General McClellan & General Pope
Confederacy General Robert E Lee
25,000 combined casualties
Again retreat to D.C.
Battle of Antietam
September 17th 1862
Confederate offensive campaign
80,000 union soldiers led by gen McClellan
50,000 confederate soldiers led by General Lee
Combined casualties 22,700 in a single day
January 1st, 1863
10 December 2014
Antietam Research Paper
The topic I chose is Antietam and the battle what happened there. The battle was a confrontation between the Union army led by General McClellan and the Confederate army led by General Lee. It was said to be the bloodiest battle of the Civil War. The Battle was fought at Sharpsburg between a total of 131,000 men. I chose Antietam because it’s the place where Thomas Phifer died.
The Battle of Antietam was a major battle fought between the…
towards the center of the battlefield, Union assaults against the Sunken Road pierced the Confederate center after a terrible struggle. Late in the day, the third and final major assault by the Union army pushed over a bullet-strewn stone bridge at Antietam Creek. Just as the Federal forces began to collapse the Confederate right, the timely arrival of A.P. Hill’s division from Harpers Ferry helped to drive the Army of the Potomac back once more. The bloodiest single day in American military history…
Civil War Background
In the mid-19th century, while the United States was experiencing an era of tremendous growth, a fundamental economic difference existed between the country's northern and southern regions. While in the North, manufacturing and industry was well established, and agriculture was mostly limited to small-scale farms, the South's economy was based on a system of large-scale farming that depended on the labor of black slaves to grow certain crops, especially cotton and tobacco. Growing…
founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United States. Garrison was also a prominent voice for the women's suffrage movement.
Clement L. Vallandigham- "publicly denounced the ‘wicked and cruel' war by which ‘King Lincoln' was ‘crushing out liberty and erecting a despotism,'" and called for Lincoln's removal from the presidency.
Edmund Ruffin- was a farmer and slaveholder, a Confederate soldier, and an 1850s political activist. He advocated…
The American Civil War: Essay: Was the south justified in succeeding away from the Union???
By: Elina Morrison, Partner: Emma Hoovrud
In the spring of 1861, decades of simmering tensions between the northern and southern United States over issues including states' rights versus federal authority, westward expansion and slavery exploded into the American Civil War (1861-65). The election of the anti-slavery Republican Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860 caused seven southern states to secede from…
moment Americans found themselves pulled
into a civil war of unimaginable scale and consequence, they tried
desperately to make sense of what was happening to them. From the
secession crisis into the maelstrom of battle, from the nightmare
of slavery into the twilight of emancipation, Americans of all
backgrounds confronted the chaos with stories to explain how things
had come to be. People continued to tell themselves those stories
about the war and its meaning for the next century and a half,…
occurrences were extremely tragic, the bloodiest time in American history is the
Battle of Antietam.
The battle of Antietam is a three part battle, consisting of The Cornfield,
The Sunken Road, and Burnside Bridge. After Confederate general Robert E. Lee
brought his troops into Maryland, which is Union soil, Union General George B.
McClellan launched attacks at Lee’s army, who were in defensive positions behind
Antietam Creek. Lee’s army consisted of no more than 18,000 men, roughly ⅓size
of the Federal…
Maryland’s Role in the Civil War
Maryland, a state founded on peace, religious freedom and tolerance, was one of the central theaters of conflict in the Civil War. With the “Old Line State” being home to many slave-owning Confederate sympathizers in addition to many rallying for the cause of the Union, Maryland was forced into an unfortunate position of playing battleground to many major events in the nation’s bloodiest war. Similar to other non-secededing (or Border) states such as Delaware,…