Webquest: The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950’s and 60’s Directions: Use the websites to answer each of the following questions. Each correct response is worth 4 points. http://www.biography.com/articles/MedgarEvers9542324
1. What role did Medgar Evers play in the Civil Rights movement?
● He became the first state field secretary of the NAACP in Mississippi.
2. Who assassinated Medgar Evers? Why was he killed? \
● Byron De La Beckwith killed Evers because he didn’t believe in the advancement of whites; Beckwith was a founding member of the Mississippi’s White Citizens Council.
3. What did the Greensboro Four do?
● They sat in a whites only lunch counter in Woolworth store on South Elm Street.
4. Who supported the Greensboro Four?
● They were supported by other college students, an elderly white woman and the city’s richest man. http://www.rubybridges.com/story.htm
5. In which city did Ruby Bridges and her attempt to desegregate a public school take place?
● new orlands
6. How did segregationists react after Ruby was allowed to attend an allwhite public school?
● They rioted in the streets to protest.
7. What happened to Ruby’s dad and grandparents because of the controversy?
● Her father was fired from his job and her grandparents were sharecroppers who were kicked off of their land.
8. In 1942, which individual first proposed the March on Washington?
● A. Phillip Randolph
9. What were the seven goals demanded by A. Philip Randolph at the March on Washington?
Passage of meaningful civil rights legislation
An immediate end to all school segregation
Protection for all civil rights protesters against police brutality
A major public works program for all unemployed
A federal law prohibiting racial discrimination in the workplace
A $2 minimum wage
Self Government for the District of Columbia
http://www.usconstitution.net/dream.html Read Martin Luther King’s I Have a Dream Speech.
10. List four specific injustices against Black Americans that King mentions? “
...the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his ownland. So we have come here today to dramatize a shameful condition”. They’re not free, they suffer segregation and discrimination, they’re poor in a rich world, and they’re outsiders in their own land.
11. Does King address White people or Black people in his speech? Give evidence to back up your answer. White people. Black people already know all the injustices they suffer (see quote from #10).
12. What are four messages that King gave in the speech? That blacks are in a desperate state of poverty, they’re being discriminated against, they’re sick and tired of being looked down upon, and they want justice and want all people to be considered as they are, equal.
13. Why do you feel this speech is considered one of the most important in American history?
I feel like this speech is considered one of the most important in American history because this is a groundbreaking, elegant speech talking about the social injustices that African
Americans faced and a plea to change society and bring equality to America.
14. What was the SelmatoMontgomery March? A 5 day, 54 mile march from Selma,
Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama where blacks campaigned for voting rights.
15. As a result of the marches, what did President Lyndon Johnson sign? The…