Design in the Human Body
MEET THE CLASS
Born on island of Kos
“Father of Medicine”
Other ancient doctors thought:
Evil spirits struck people with disease
Invisible arrows caused pain
Sick people slept in temples to “dream” away
50 of his books still remain
“One man’s meat is another man’s poison”
Ethics in medicine
Many physicians took bribes to heal or poison
I swear by Apollo the physician, and Asclepius, and Hygieia and Panacea and all the gods and goddesses
as my witnesses, that, according to my ability and judgement, I will keep this Oath and this contract:
To hold him who taught me this art equally dear to me as my parents, to be a partner in life with him, and
to fulfill his needs when required; to look upon his offspring as equals to my own siblings, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn it, without fee or contract; and that by the set rules, lectures, and every other mode of instruction, I will impart a knowledge of the art to my own sons, and those of my teachers, and to students bound by this contract and having sworn this Oath to the law of medicine, but to no others.
I will use those dietary regimens which will benefit my patients according to my greatest ability and judgement, and I will do no harm or injustice to them.
I will not give a lethal drug to anyone if I am asked, nor will I advise such a plan; and similarly I will not give a woman a pessary to cause an abortion.
In purity and according to divine law will I carry out my life and my art.
I will not use the knife, even upon those suffering from stones, but I will leave this to those who are trained in this craft.
Into whatever homes I go, I will enter them for the benefit of the sick, avoiding any voluntary act of impropriety or corruption, including the seduction of women or men, whether they are free men or slaves.
Whatever I see or hear in the lives of my patients, whether in connection with my professional practice or not, which ought not to be spoken of outside, I will keep secret, as considering all such things to be private.
So long as I maintain this Oath faithfully and without corruption, may it be granted to me to partake of life fully and the practice of my art, gaining the respect of all men for all time. However, should I transgress this Oath and violate it, may the opposite be my fate.
Hometown: Pergamum (location of one of the
seven churches of Asia Minor spoken of by the
Apostle John in Revalation chapters 1 & 2)
Most important physician during the Roman
Anatomy is paramount: “a physician needs to study the body as an architect needs to follow a plan.”
Problem: Dissection of human bodies was illegal Studied bodies of injured Gladiators (once dead, it was illegal to study them).
80 books remain in existence
Prideful - He knew he was the best and wanted
everyone else to know it.
Arrogance – Whether fact, opinion or error,
Galen stated all as fact.
Recognizing Design in the Human
Design – “a plan, a scheme, a project, or a
purpose with intention or aim.” (Webster’s
Psalm 139:13-16 (ESV)
13 For you formed my inward parts;
you knitted me together in my mother's womb.
14 I praise you, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made. Wonderful are your works; my soul knows it very well.
15 My frame was not hidden from you, when I was being made in secret, intricately woven in the depths of the earth.
16 Your eyes saw my unformed substance; in your book were written, every one of them, the days that were formed for me, when as yet there was none of them.
The Fabrica View of the Human
(who we will study next week)
Studied anatomy through human dissection
Challanged many of Galen’s long-held