Wgu C228 Task2 Essay examples

Words: 1688
Pages: 7

Communicable Disease: MERS Outbreak In September of 2012, beginning in the country of Saudi Arabia, hospitals began seeing increased cases of a respiratory virus never before seen in humans. They named it Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS. MERS is a viral respiratory illness caused by the coronavirus. It was originally thought to have started there in Saudi Arabia. It was not until later that they were able to trace the origin back to Jordan starting in April of 2012. All outbreaks of MERS have been traced back to originating from the Arabian Peninsula (CDC, 2015a). Unfortunately, it is not known exactly how MERS was contracted in humans, but it is believed to have come from an animal source, probably from camels. Strains of MERS …show more content…
The exact mechanism of transmission is not fully understood at this time (CDC, 2015c).
The symptoms of MERS include fever, shortness of breath, and cough. Some people also develop nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Often more serious complications can occur, such as kidney failure and/or pneumonia. It has been found that some people who become infected show no symptoms at all, or only mild flu like symptoms. Incubation time is between two to fourteen days, with the most common time for symptoms to show being between days five and six (CDC, 2015d).
Risk factors for this disease include having been exposed to a person known to have MERS. Risk increases if the person exposed has any preexisting conditions that weaken the immune system, such as having diabetes, chronic lung infection, kidney disease, or autoimmune disease. Those persons are also at increased risk for developing a worse, or fatal case of MERS (CDC, 2015d). Additional risk factors include having travelled to or near the Arabian Peninsula, or coming in close contact with someone who has. Travelers should monitor themselves for the following two weeks for any symptoms of a respiratory illness or fever, as well as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, or sore throat. Healthcare professionals that are caring for a person with known or suspected MERS are also at increased risk. They should be following strict infection control measures such as