First Semester Exam Review
Answer the following questions in preparation for your first semester exam.
As a hint please refer to the following sections to help you locate the answers
Chapter 1 Prehistory-Human Origins (pg 5-11), Humans try to control nature (pg 14-18),
Civilization (pg 19-23)
Chapter 2 Early River Valley Civilizations-City States in Mesopotamia (pg 29-34), Pyramids of on the
Nile (pg 35-41), Planned Cities on the Indus (pg 44-49), River Dynasties in China
Chapter 3 People and Ideas on the Move-The Indo-Europeans (pg 61-65), Hinduism and Buddhism
Develop (pg 66-71)
Chapter 4 First Age of Empires-The Persian Empire (99-103), The Unification of China (pg 104-109)
Chapter 5 Classical Greece-Look under all information for Ancient Greece (pg 123-149)
Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and Early Christianity-Look under all information for Ancient Rome (pg 155-183)
Chapter 7 India and China Establish Empires-Trade spreads Indian religions and culture (pg 193-197), Han Emperors in China (pg 200-207)
1. To what does the term “Paleolithic” refer? Old Stone Age
2. On what continent did homo sapiens first emerge between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago?
3. True or False – Early human societies later migrated to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.
4. How did early humans meet their basic needs? Early humans were hunter-gatherers. They relied on the natural environment for their survival. They hunted animals for meat and gathered food such as wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts. When food or water became hard to find in one environment, the people would have to move to new areas.
5. What term is used to refer to skills and tools used to meet those basic needs? technology
6. What is different about the way historians and archaeologists do research? Archaeologists study past cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts. Historians write detailed accounts of historical events.
7. What is an artifact? A human-made object, such as a tool, weapon, or a piece of jewelry.
8. What is the method used by archaeologists in dating animal and plant remains? carbon-14 dating
9. How would you describe people of the Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age)? hunter-gatherers; nomadic; lived in clans
10. What is another term/name for “thinking man”? Homo sapiens
11. What was the most significant change between the Paleolithic and Neolithic Stone Age? the advent of farming
12. What term means a simple drawing used to represent a word? pictogram/pictograph
13. What is another name for a skilled craft worker? artisan
14. The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another is known as: cultural diffusion
15. Why did early humans develop calendars? Early humans developed calendars to assist them in farming their lands.
16. What were some characteristics of homo sapiens during the Paleolithic Era? Homo sapiens during the Paleolithic Era learned to use and control fire, developed an oral language, and domesticated animals.
17. The first metal probably used by man was: bronze
18. Explain the term “nomadic”: The term “nomadic” refers to people who move from place to place in search of basic needs.
19. Approximately 1 million to 4 million years ago human ancestors developed into Homo sapiens.
20. Man learned to make fire, live in clans, and develop an oral language during the Paleolithic period.
21. Man developed agriculture, domesticated animals, used advanced tools, made pottery, and developed weaving skills during the Neolithic period.
22. How did the domestication of animals and the Agricultural Revolution promote the rise of settled communities? Man no longer had to move about looking for food. Man was able to remain in one place.
23. There is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic Period and was completed during the Bronze Age. What is it? Stonehenge