What Is Depression?

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Win Or Lose

Stressed or Stress

Unit 3
By Linda Mcfadden

What is depression ?
Depression, also known as major depression, clinical depression or major depressive disorder is a medical illness that causes a constant feeling of sadness and lack of interest.Depression affects how the person feel,behaves and thinks. What are symptoms of depression?
● A constant feeling of sadness, anxiety, and emptiness.
● Sleep patterns are disturbed the person may sleep too little or too much.
● The sufferer may complain more of aches and pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems. These problems do not get better with treatment.

What are signs of depression?
Depression can cause sadness and a loss of interest in once pleasurable activities.People who are depressed undergo a series of physical and emotional changes well as psychomotor retardation, or a slowing down of physical movements, speech, and thought processes. Depression can even alter your sleeping most people that have depression can sleep 12 hours and still be tired.

What are different forms of depression? ● Major depressive disorder (Major Depression)
● Psychotic depression
● Postpartum depression
● Dysthymic disorder (dysthymia)

Major depressive disorder
(Major Depression)

Major depressive disorder
(Major Depression)
Major depressive disorder is also known as major depression. The patient suffers from a combination of symptoms that undermine his or her ability to sleep, study, work, eat, and enjoy activities he used to find pleasurable.
Experts say that major depressive disorder can be very disabling, preventing the patient from functioning normally. Some people experience only one episode, while others have recurrences.

Dysthymic disorder (dysthymia)

Dysthymic disorder (dysthymia)
Dysthymic disorder is also known as dysthymia, or mild chronic depression. The patient will suffer symptoms for a long time, perhaps as long as a couple of years, and often longer. However, the symptoms are not as severe as in major depression, and the patient is not disabled by it.
However, he may find it hard to function normally and feel well. Some people experience only one episode during their lifetime, while others may have recurrences.

Psychotic depression

Psychotic depression
Psychotic depression experience the symptoms of a major depressive episode, along with one or more psychotic symptoms, including delusion and/or hallucinations.
Delusions can be classified as mood congruent or incongruent, depending on whether or not the nature of the delusions is in keeping with the individual's mood state.
Common themes of mood congruent delusions include guilt, punishment, personal inadequacy, or disease. Half of patients experience more than one kind of delusion

Postpartum depression

Postpartum depression
Postpartum depression is also known as postnatal depression or PND. This is not to be confused with baby blues' which a mother may feel for a very short period after giving birth. If a mother develops a major depressive episode within a few weeks of giving birth it is most likely she has developed PND. Experts believe that about 10% to 15% of all women experience PND after giving birth. Sadly, many of them go undiagnosed and suffer for long periods without treatment and support. Graft on the the depression progression

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What are the signs and symptoms of depression? ● A constant feeling of sadness, anxiety, and emptiness.
● Patients may lose interest in activities or hobbies they once enjoyed.

● Eating habits may change - he/she may either eat too much or have no appetite.

● Many people with a depressive illness find it hard to concentrate, remember details, and make decisions.

What cause depression?
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) has shown that the brain of a person with depression looks different, compared to the brain of a person who has never had