What is the price for fashion? Nowadays, designer clothing could run you a couple hundred bucks. People say “you are what you wear” and quite frankly it is true. Fashion has a clear connection to psychology. If you are well dressed, the better you will feel about yourself. There’s also a small truth to “retail therapy”. Shopping associates with and enhances positive emotions. The fashion industry has been around for a long time and will continue to be successful because of it’s a popular demand. What do companies like Reebok, Nike, Victoria’s Secret, Gap, Old Navy, and Forever21 have in common? Yes, they are major retailers in the fashion industry, however all these companies utilize child labor and their laborers work under terrible sweatshop conditions. Guilty as charged! No pun intended. While us, the consumers are reaping the benefits of a nice shirt, or a fancy blouse, sweatshops are exploiting their underage workers, some of which who work twenty-two hour shifts. Child labor is utilized in sweatshops all around the world. Many attempted and were successful in exposing the horrors in sweatshops through national television and print media. In Ian Maitland’s “The Great Non-Debate Over International Sweatshops” informs readers of the injustices of sweatshops as well as takes on a different perspective of the issue and tackles the main problems critics of sweatshops have not (The Cleaner, Rutgers University) There are 218 million child laborers around the world. Child labor is defined as children under the age of 18 working long hours on a regular or a full time basis. These children have little to no access to education, while working under abusive treatment by their employers. Most of these kids are trapped and are forced into child labor due to debts owed or just outright slavery (Child Labour, Freethechildren.com). Although child labor is an on going issue around the world, not much has been done about it. However, there are those who attempt to break the silence of child labor and speak out. Iqbal Masih was four years old when he was sold for $16 dollars into bonded labor at a carpet factory. His father had abandoned his family, and his mother struggled to keep up financially. Iqbal, as a child was severely malnourished and mistreated while working 12 hours a day. At the age of ten, a local rights organization discovered this situation and helped Iqbal escape the factory. At the age of 12, he travelled to the U.S. and Sweden to speak out against child labor. Unfortunately, when Iqbal returned to Pakistan, he was shot and killed. Masih inspired many around the world. His story is real, and over 200 million other children around the world can relate to his story (Child Labour, Freethechildren.com). Ian Maitland understands that international sweatshops exist. However no one has bothered to bring up the actually issue in which Maitland thinks to be, what should be the appropriate labor standards and appropriate labor wages in sweatshops. There are three proposed standards or principles to regulate these policies. These principles Maitland describes include the home-country standard, the living wage standard and the classical liberal standard. The home-country standard is that “international corporations have an ethical duty to pay the same wages and provide the same labor standards regardless of where they operate” (Maitland, 430). According to Thomas Donaldson, this principle is ineffective. By making the U.S. wage levels as the benchmark for fairness, this would “eliminate the role of the international market in establishing salary levels, and this in turn eliminates the incentive U.S. corporations have to hire foreign workers” (Maitland, 430). If this was the case, and American multinational corporations have the desire to be ethical and wish to pay equal wages to those abroad, U.S. would have little incentive to move their manufacturing overseas (Maitland, 430). Secondly, there is the “living wage” standard.…
What can we learn about the Victorian morality and society through Bronte’s depiction of the character Heathcliff?
The Victorian Era was the period of Queen Victoria’s prosperous reign in Britain; it lasted from 1837 to 1901. The period of time has wide connotations that most specifically relate to the high and strict moral standards of the society. Victorian morality is a term used to describe a set of values that Queen Victoria supported and inflicted throughout society; this includes sexual…
“Famine, Affluence, and Morality”
PHI208 Ethics and Moral Reasoning
Peter Singer’s goal in “Famine, Affluence, and Morality was to convince people that the people as well as the governments should help with famine relief, primarily in East Bengal. Peter Singer wanted to let everyone know that the way that they deal with disasters is "morally unjustified".
Mr. Singer’s three counter-arguments I think are that people from Bengali are…
1) Socrates believes that morality is independent of religion. He says that things cannot be holy only for the reason that the gods love them. Not necessarily everything that gods love has to be holy. And there is a conflict between the idea that gods love things because they are holy and things are holy because gods love them. Socrates’ opinion is that things cannot be considered holy because one believes that gods love holy things and the holiness of all things need to be judged on that. He even…
Gov & Cit
May 15, 2013
As americans, we elect have the privilege to elect a president into office and and that person we elect into office is going to stay there, as long as he isn’t breaking any rules, whether he is moral or not. We see this with two presidents off the top of our head, Bill Clinton, and John F. Kennedy. Both of which did things that opposed of morals of many americans although were considered good if not great presidents of their…
Morality is a word that has multiple definitions. It is seen as principles concerning the distinction between right and wrong or good and bad behavior. Morality can also be seen as a particular system of values and how to act towards others. It becomes in that sense a way of reality. It is the extent to which an action is right or wrong. That exact extent has been debated on for centuries because of the grey area. True objective morality has been contested…
15 August 2014
The Truth about Morality
Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, is apparently follows good and evil. Who is to know that
kind of question? What deems good or evil in the end? This popular novel is written by a
nineteen year old, known among most, has always been given that main question. The characters
are usually described as evil, while some argue that they are just misunderstood or purely
innocent of such an idea. In the end…
contribute to. He was trying to explain the morality of the world. For example he stated, “The decisions and actions of human beings can prevent this kind of suffering. Unfortunately, human beings have not made the necessary decisions. At the individual level, people have, with very few exceptions, not responded to the situation in any significant way.” This is saying that we as humans need to make better situations when it comes to affluence and morality. If something tragic was to happen to us we…
Are we moral because we believe in a religion, or do we have to believe in a religion to have morality? Louis Paul Pojman was a pronounced American philosopher and professor who believed that if there is no God to believe in, then there is no morality or purpose to life. Pojman believes that it is religion that gives every individual’s life a meaning to it.
Pojman wrote a very interesting essay called “Religion Gives Meaning to Life.” In this essay Pojman discusses…
The thought of morality is mainly the key reasons societies today act as they do. Throughout the history of mankind, there has been the long lasting argument “Is morality just a product of the evolution of our brains, with no inherent reality?”( –Alfred Rosa, Paul Escholz, Pg 362, Models for Writers-) I personally think, that it is, and throughout this research paper, I will research why or why not it may be true.
First of all, I think that morality is not just a product of our brains…