Absolute poverty: the condition of having so little food, money or resources that the people, no matter where they live in the world, can barely survive.
Active citizenship: involves individuals and groups influencing decision making at local, state, federal, and global scales, and activity participating in community activities and public affairs.
Aid: charitable donations of money, goods and services offered to developing countries from developed countries.
AusAID: manages the Australian government’s official overseas aid program
Charter: a written undertaking by a governing body to give rights to another party
Culture: the body of beliefs, attitudes, skills and tools by which communities structure their lives and interact with the environment
Cultural integration: the blending of different cultures where communities adapt to and absorb external references
Developing country: a country that is poor and whose citizens are mostly agricultural workers but that wants to become more advanced socially and economically
Ecological sustainability: ensuring that we meet the needs of the present population without endangering the ability for future generations to meet their needs
Economic globalisation: refers to the breaking down of walls that separate national economies from each other. Globalisation leads to the development of a global marketplace or single world market for a wide range of goods and services.
European Union: the world’s largest trading group, consisting of 25 member countries from Europe. It was formerly known as the European Economic Community.
Globalisation: the breakdown of traditional barriers between nation states allowing the movement of goods, capital, people, and information
Global village: a world in which any individual can talk to any other anywhere in the world.
Gross domestic product: a measure of a countries wealth. e.g. a country with a GDP of 140 billion produces 140 billion worth of goods and services per year
Humanitarian: having regard for the interests of all humanity
Human rights: are based on the idea that all human beings are equal, and deserve fair and equal treatment
Indigenous: the descendants of the original inhabitants of an area
Information and communities technologies: the study of the technology used to handle information and help communication
Labour intensive: an industry that needs a relatively large labour force
Non government organization: a private organisation, usually non-for-profit, with a charitable, community or environmental focus
Stereotype: an image of, or attitude towards persons or groups based on preconceived ideas
Telecentre: community centres in remote areas with computer, internet and other ICT devices to help people enjoy the benefits of global communication
Transnational Corporation: a company or organisation which possesses the controls and means of production, such as factories, mines, farms and financial organisations, in more than one country.
9.1- the global village
Globalisation brings people all over the world closer together through the free flow of goods, services money and information.
Transnational corporations produce goods in many countries and allow farmers to sell their produce almost anywhere in the world.
Some people are concerned that the growth in influence and power of TNC’s has produced a wider gap between the rich and the poor and that some cultures are losing their individuality becoming more westernized.
Globalisation is a process that helps make cheaper