The progression in technology along with changes in philosophical viewpoint and mind-set and the shift of power to a newer generation all have contributed to the escalation of one of the wars that has changed the world forever: the Great War or the World War I. In contrast to common belief in which Germany is responsible for causing the war with her warmongering attitude, in was in fact Serbia, a small and insignificant Balkan country that played the not-so-much-insignificant role of sparking the war. The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of the neighbouring Austria-Hungary on the 28th of June was a major event that had led to the escalation of war. This was due to the fact that the assassins were from an organisation called ‘Black Hand’, which was a radical Serbian terrorist group and more importantly, which was not known by Austria-Hungary by then, the Serbian government was aware of the assassination plot at the time but failed to react or warn Austria-Hungary and afterwards, was unable to locate and capture the culprits. This enraged Austrian-Hungarian royalties, not the general population however, and pushing them to take some form of immediate actions against Serbia. However, in order to accomplish this, Austria-Hungary had to call for the help of her ally Germany who in turn, gave them the ‘blank cheque’ of unconditional support. Germany hoped that by starting a quick war and called for peace, Austria could humiliate Serbia without the interference of any other major powers. At the same time, by allying with Austria, Germany would in turn, give a warning to any European powers trying to protect Serbia. As a result of the German’s support, Austria-Hungary was prepared for war with Serbia, confidently believing in her victory, therefore sending the Serbian government the unacceptable ultimatum. Serbia was smart enough to agree on all but the last term, however, and this led to Austria-Hungary declaring war to Serbia on the 28th of July. One thing that Germany had yet to anticipate was the Russia mobilisation, which was right after the Austria’s declaration of war, on the 29th of July. This consequently led to the German’s activation of the Schlieffen Plan which aims were to crush France on the Western Front in one blow with a lightning fast advance and then return with the full force to deal with Russia on the Eastern Front. Despite that, Germany still sent an ultimatum to Russia demanding Russia to step down. This was declined by Russia, therefore Germany declared war on Russia, as a result, starting the continental war on Europe. Germany originally planned to march through Belgium but the request…
refrain from involvement in overseas politics, alliances, or wars, and
confine its national security interest to its own borders.
German submarines used in World War I; they sank many Allied ships
around the British Isles. They were responsible for the sinking of the HMS
Lusitania and the Sussex.
● Sussex Pledge: Germany agreed not to sink unarmed passenger ships with out
warning. They violated this in 1916 when they torpedoed this French passenger ship.
Wilson threatened to break diplomatic relations because of this…
Also will show how America was brought into this royale.
The main way in which the Treaty of Versailles led to World War 2 was by
making Germany feel strongly towards revenge. The peace settlement also made Italy
angry, but this was not nearly as relevant in causing WW2. After WW1 the Treaty of
Versailles imposed on Germany. It stated
Germany had to admit full responsibility for
starting the war. This was Clause 231 the notorious "War Guilt Clause". 2. Germany,
as she was responsible for starting the war as stated in clause 231…
reliability of each one. (10 Marks)
Source A is a primary source, it is a photograph taken during WW1 of soldiers in a trench on the Western Front. It captures the various elements of technology available to the soldiers, weapons at he time was generally more defensive rather than offensive. Trenches were difficult to damage and easy to repair, they also provided a great deal of protection, at the periscope which enabled the soldiers to view the enemy without risking some form of casualty, and rifles were…
The Weimar Republic
At the end of October 1918, the German navy mutinied. Rebellion spread throughout the country. In November Germany was forced to drop out of the First World War. Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicated and fled the country. A new republic was declared. In January 1919, elections were held for a new Reichstag and in February 1919, in the town of Weimar, a new government was agreed. Freidrich Ebert was elected President of the new Republic. Germany did not just get a new government. The Allies…
were widely used forms of art. Pablo Picasso is one of the most well known artist of this century for his versatile views and styles of art. In 1937, Picasso developed his art piece “Guernica”. This piece depicted the bombing of Guernica, Basque Country, by German and Italian warplanes at the behest of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War (Arnason, 2010). Guernica displays an incredible theme of death as one can easily notice the grieving look of destruction…
that no one else would even dare to think of doing.”***
- “It’s the ordinary men and women who’ve made us who we are.” While it was the
politicians that shaped the events that led the war, it was the individual men and women
who made up the country who pledged their lives and ultimately determined the
outcome of the war.
- “The passions involved [in bringing about the war] were as ordinary as me and my sister
fighting over who is going to cook dinner!” (11) War is an integral part of the…
rent by giving a portion of his crop to landowner.
Forced famers to grow cotton, created a cycle of debt farmers couldn’t escape.
Farmers had no money, but they needed food and equipment, so they borrowed money, which landed them in a lot of debt. Forced to grow a cash crop (cotton), which they would try and sell.
5. End of Reconstruction-1877
The compromise of 1877-Important because it ended reconstruction
Presidential election of 1876-Democratic Candidate Samuel Tilden won the popular vote…
off World War I.
Central Europe, Germany and Italy in particular, had been broken into numerous states, a situation which had invited centuries of foreign intervention, conquests, and wars in both countries. Here also, the revolutions of 1848 combined with German and Italian frustration over this situation to generate strong sentiments for national unification in both countries. The middle classes in Italy and Germany especially supported national unification by strong governments that could end…
the First World War in 1918 with American soldiers fighting on the Western front.
President Woodrow Wilson played an important role at the peace talks. His fourteen points of 1918 were in theory the basis for the peace settlement.
He was also responsible for organising the League of Nations. He thought the League of Nations could act like a world parliament where the representatives of all the major powers would meet and discuss matters of international importance and affairs. He was sure that such…
Nationalism – Right Wing
Supranational outlook –
spread socialism to other countries
Nationalised industry –
State control of industry
State support for vulnerable –
Money and allowances e.g. benefits for the disabled
Interests of nation are most important –
The country must come first
May involve racism –
National identity. Nothing else.
Must have strong army
After WW1 – Germany was in Chaos, lots of attempted revolutions e.g. Communist