Davis was born to a son of Edward M. Davis and Maria Mott Davis. Davis was an American geographer and was known as the founder of Association of American Geographers in 1904 and father of American geography (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Morris_Davis). Davis was one of Shaler pupils and worked closely with him for his studies in geography (Husain, 2006, p.236). According to Rana(2008, p.191), the power of Davis dominated in the 19th and 20th century in America as well as in Germany and France, he being responsible for enlarging the scope and classify the study of geography. Contribution:
Davis contributions are in the separate but related fields of meteorology, geology and geomorphology. Geological …show more content…
In 1916 he served as president of the American Association of Geographers and also as Chief Cartographer for the American Peace Commission at the postwar negotiations in 1919 (Corbett, n.d.). He was known as the founder of real man oriented geography (Husain, 2006, p.237-238).
Dikshit (1999, p. 103) wrote, Jefferson deserves an extraordinary place in the history of American Geography for many contributions to the theoretical structure of geography. The approach of Jefferson insisted that the focus of geography teaching should be man on the earth not the earth on man (Dikshit, 1999, p.103). The theory of central places, the law of primate city and the civilizing rails were coined by him. His geographical concern was with a man were this approach led to advance understanding of human being in their environmental settings (Husain, 2006, p.238).
Jefferson in his article the civilizing rails assumed that the construction of a railroad was facts of advanced "civilization." He drew all the world's railroads on a series of continental maps which as a result Western Europe and the Eastern United States had the most thorough network of railroads. These places were consistent with what was considered the most "civilized" parts of the world (Corbett,