With the Act of Supremacy getting passed in 1534, the Protestant Reformation and England was commencing, and many people were disagreeing with the policies that were being established by High Chancellor Thomas Cromwell, which involved new taxes, the expansion of royal power in Northern England, the dissolution of monasteries, and the confiscation of Catholic Church lands. The public staged armed protests and demonstrations, known as the Pilgrimage of Grace, that allowed to voice their concerns for the parliament to revert back to the Catholic Church, and to end the policies that were distributed by Cromwell. The government, led by King Henry VIII and Thomas Cromwell, tried to restore the order of the nation while implementing the new rules and remain the leaders of England. According to the marchers in York in October 1536 in The Oath of Honorable Men (Doc 1) ,the marchers wanted England to know that this was not a revolt in order to achieve a rise in social ranking, but was a pilgrimage to have England go back to the Catholic faith that had been implemented before the Act of Supremacy was passed. As one marcher stated, “You shall not enter into our Pilgrimage of Grace for worldly gain. Do so only only for the love of God, for the Holy Catholic Church militant, for the preservation of the King and his heirs, for the purification of the nobility, and to expel all evils.” The marchers also believe with this statement that they want King Henry VIII to remain king, but they feel the government as a whole has negatively influenced their king. The main goal of the marchers was to rid England of this corrupt Parliament and to do away with the new policies established by this parliament. An anonymous writer, believed to be Sir Thomas Tempest, who was a former member of parliament, wrote in An Anonymous Pamphlet attributed to Sir Thomas Tempest, former member of parliament for Newcastle, December 1536 (Doc 6), “The king should grant our petition against the traitor Thomas Cromwell and his adherents, or at least exile them from the realm… The current Parliament has no authority or virtue. It is little more than a council for the King’s appointees.” It makes sense that the anonymous writer, believed to be Sir Thomas Tempest, wishes that the Parliament should consist of less corrupt members than Cromwell and his followers because is a participant in the Pilgrimage of Grace and they believed that Cromwell’s new policies of more taxes, dissolution of monasteries, and the confiscation of Catholic lands were unacceptable. During the pilgrimage, a petition written by Robert Aske that, in selected articles from the petition (Doc 5), states demands such as “To have the heresies of Luther, Wycliffe, Huss, and Tyndall annulled and destroyed; to have the supreme head of the Church be the Pope in Rome as it was before; to have Thomas Cromwell... punished as a subverter of the good laws of this realm”, and also demanded that the policies that were made by Cromwell be forgotten. Robert Aske spoke of why the policy of dissolving the monasteries, in particular was unacceptable in his testimony given shortly before his execution in April 1537 in Lincoln, England. (Doc 11) Aske states, “Once the monasteries in the north gave great service to men and laudable service to God. Now no hospitality is shown to travelers…. Sea walls, dikes, bridges, and high walls that were once maintained by the monasteries for the good of the commonwealth are now left unattended.” He outlines the good that the monasteries once brought to England but no longer can after being dissolved due to Cromwell’s dissolution of them. The King’s Council had a different view on how Cromwell’s reign was going and opposed the Pilgrimage of Grace, as it was very chaotic and made it difficult to restore order in England. Richard Morrison, who is a writer for Cromwell, writes in the Remedy for Sedition (Doc 7) that “Those that are of…
Cons for Getting A B.S.N.
Chelsea Heston & Julio Rivera
The main focus of this paper is to bring out the other side of a very popular topic for nurses, “Is getting my bachelors worth it?” There are many things in life that can be affected by an extra two years of school. Not only must one pay another $30,000 plus out of their pocket but this is also taking time away from their personal life and time they could be working. For the pay rate…
humans evolved and progressed so did the wars. As armour was made, and metals replaced stone, the battles became more sophisticated and brutal. One civilization to master the art of war was the Romans. The Roman army was the epitome of military supremacy during the Republic. With their military tactics as well as advanced weaponry and strict discipline, the Roman army dominated the battlefield allowing them to conquer most of the known world.
The Romans advanced weaponry gave them a huge advantage…
Getting It On All Over Europe
This advertisement is for the “Lucky Day” TAG body spray for men. The intended audience is men, I assume for men who are attracted to women since this advertisement is featured in FHM (For Him Magazine). Highly saturated with extreme sexual innuendos, the warning sign in the middle of the advertisement strongly implies that any man using this product will participate in the act of sex. There for, encouraging men to buy the product in hopes of…
Getting to Know the Amish
“But ye a chosen generation, a royal priest-hood, a holy nation, a peculiar people…”
-1 Peter 2:9
When asked about the Amish, the first thoughts that come to most people’s minds are the weird hats and suspenders the men wear or the bonnets and long dresses the women wear. Society often thinks of the Amish as an odd people living secluded from society due to extreme religious values and customs. Though a few of their customs like the prohibition of technology or the…
surpass State rights.
Supremacy clause- Constitution is ultimate law then Federal laws over state laws
Commerce clause - federal government has the authority to make laws that pertain to international and interstate trade
11th amendment – cannot sue a state in federal court.
Police powers – ability of states to regulate behavior in their territory.
Alden v maine - he State of Maine (Respondent) violated overtime provisions of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act The Supreme Court rules…
White supremacy is a belief that all white people are superior to all minorities. I never really understood what white supremacy was until I watched American History X movie. When watching American History X, I did not realized how much white people hate minorities. I always knew it was an issue, but never thought the racism was still just as bad in certain areas. A new insight that this assignment as giving me is that hate crimes will always exist no matter what, unless you take the older generation…
The Role of Luck
Sometimes these memos are inspired by a single event or just one thing I read. This one – like my first
memo 24 years ago – grew out of the juxtaposition of two observations. I’ll introduce one here and the
other on page seven. Contrary to my wife Nancy’s observation that my memos are “all the same,” the
A lot of people are worried about getting fat. That subject pops up in our head all the time. I know for me especially it pops up at least three times a day and that’s usually during meal time. There are many reasons people can get fat from, but the most frequent reasons seem to be overeating, not getting enough exercise, and a different variety of medical conditions and medications.
Obesity is America’s epidemic and is mostly due to overeating. Overeating is causing people to get…
His attitude changed from this move he made. Malcolm worked for a railroad
company where he would visit New York City to
party in nightclubs. He describes Harlem lifestyle vividly. His nickname was Detroit Red
whichcame from his hair because he had it conked and getting it conked means putting
red dye in the hair. He begins making frequent trips to Harlem, New York. Even in
Harlem, he continues his criminal behavior. He gets caught trying to give an
undercover cop a prostitute’s number but he is released due to lack of evidence…