Essay on WK1 D1

Submitted By jessikaw12345
Words: 434
Pages: 2

The three dominant ethical theories in Western philosophy are utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics. The theory of utilitarianism, you see whether an act is the right thing to do or the wrong thing to do. You have to look at what will result from the act and you should choose the act that has the best results. In our book, Ethics and Social Responsibility it explains that utilitarianism is best described as “if there is only one cookie left in the cookie jar and you have two kids, they would split the cookie”.

Utilitarianism is a little difficult to make valid because it depends on how the person looks at the situation and what they think is the right choice. There are also the different types of utilitarianism, which is act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. Act means the person will look at a specific act and determines if this act will indeed produce the greatest good overall. Rule means that a utilitarian may disagree in certain cases and then decide that as a rule, their disagreement will generate the greatest good for the greatest number. An example is an act utilitarian will see that cheating on a test is bad and it should not occur but on the other hand, a rule utilitarian could say that this specific act of cheating is okay because in the end more people will pass the test and there will be greater good for the greatest number.

I believe when dealing with utilitarianism, it is extremely easy to be bias because everyone can think of acts in different ways. Something that is extremely wrong for one person could be not too bad for