March 05, 2013
Ethics Essay There are many ethical theories that describe virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. According to Basic Ethics, ethics is the basic concepts and fundamental principles of human right conduct the study of universal value. A summary of how each ethical theory addresses ethics and morality as well as personal experiences explaining the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories.
Virtue Theory Virtue theory is the character of a person it emphasizes his or her character not obligations or duties expected of him or her, such as “do not steal” or “do not kill.” Parents teach their children the difference between good and bad. As an adult, one questions, and makes decisions on moral bases what is right or wrong.
The utilitarianism theory is broken down into two main components a theory of value and a theory of right action. In addition, focuses on team or community such as finding actions that promote the greatest benefit for the group. On the other hand, maximizing happiness, and reducing suffering. The difference between virtue theory and utilitarianism is that virtue is the moral and values of an individual, and utilitarianism is moral and values of a group or community.
This theory focuses on obligation, duty, and rule. The theory is a duty-based ethic that focuses at input rather than outcomes. The deontological ethics shifts away from consequences of duties because an individual has no control over his or her future. The deontological ethics…