Erika V. Dela Cruz
September 1, s014
Tuberculosis is a serious and fatal disease that affects communities around the world. It is a harmful disease when untreated. It is a disease with challenges from diagnosing to treating. The disease affects society in numerous ways, and it is vital to understand the impact tuberculosis causes. Other then society, tuberculosis affects the health care industry. The purpose is to comprehend the types of danger of the disease and be educated in resources that will assist the community and health care industry.
Tuberculosis can affect individuals regardless of age, sex, and location. The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention found greater numbers of tuberculosis in African-Americans, children under the age of 15 years old, and in international travelers (Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Tuberculosis can spread between individuals if untreated. The initial diagnosis of tuberculosis is referred as a health disparity. Although the number of cases of tuberculosis has decreased in the past decade, the disparity of the disease remains.
Based on the severity of tuberculosis determines its primary, secondary, and tertiary-type. Majority of cases that claimed to be tuberculosis are primary infections. Small numbers of typical cases are asymptomatic (Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). It is common for individuals post-primary pulmonary tuberculosis experience chronic dry cough. Miliary tuberculosis is considered a tertiary type that is fatal but uncommon in the United States. Although miliary tuberculosis is uncommon, it can be found in primary and post-primary infections.
It is found a burden of tuberculosis to occur amongst the communities of the African-American's, poverty, and incarcerated. Tuberculosis and poverty are closely linked. Poor air supply, malnutrition, and exposure are found leading factors in a specific group. Poor hygiene care increases spread of the disease amongst others. Because of the danger it causes to others, it is likely for low-income to seek treatment of TB versus wage earners. Poverty population remains to have an increasingly greater rate in the United States.
The World Health Organization (WHO) distinguished the amount of fatal deaths and spent towards health care cost. According to WHO, tuberculosis is a global burden that can explain brief details. There are over eight million people sick with TB. In a year, a total of $1 billion is spent towards health care and a bulk is wage earners only (Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). From the total number of sick individuals, two million deaths are reported every year with an average loss of 15 years income. That adds an additional deficit of $11 billion. Every year it cost the global economy $12 billion dollars to treat TB (World Health Organization, 2014).
Like many diseases, tuberculosis is treatable and cost effective if treated sooner. Since tuberculosis is spread from airborne particles,…