Women in the Workplace
This Article examined the connection between evangelicalism, social identity, and gender attitudes among U.S. women. It answered two questions. Do Evangelical women differ from others in their social identities? Do Differences in social identity help explain the differing impact of labor force participation on evangelical and non-evangelical women?
The data for this study come from the 1985 American National Election Pilot Study, Conducted by the Center For Political Studies At the University Of Michigan. The Study re-interviewed 429 respondents from the 1984 American National Election Study, So that responses to new items could be examined in connection to those of the earlier survey.’ The Study included two social identification items that will be used in this analysis. Women were asked the following question: Some-Times a woman might think of herself as a woman, as a working woman, and sometimes as a homemaker. Do you think of yourself as a homemaker [working woman] most of the time, some of the time, occasionally, or never? These Two items will be used to measure the social identities of women.
The two competing types or identities are denoted, where the traditional identity of a woman is being a homemaker or housewife and the new identity of “career woman”. The woman starts with each type of identity, and, that may come from the transmission of gender role attitudes, religious beliefs, family, or ethnic background, many of which are observed. So say a lady finds out about her endowment, self-assesses her identity type and takes some initial identity specific actions to build up the identity specific capital, so that she may find a husband and have children, she may pursue higher education, or perhaps both.
This Homemaker identification leads evangelical women to retain