1) They help regulate the movement of traffic.
2) They help prevent accidents.
Traffic laws are made by federal provincial and minicpual governments. Police from each level can enforce them.
1. Federal enforcement = RCMP
2. Provincial Enforcement = OPP
3. Municipal Enforcement = Ottawa Police
1) Federal Traffic Laws - criminal code of canada
- Criminal code offences - Dangerous driving - Driving while imraied
2) Provincial Traffic Laws - highway traffic acts
- Driver licensing
- Movement and control of vehicles
3) Municipal traffic laws - municipal traffic by-laws
- Speed limits
- Prohibited turns
If you break a traffic law, you may be fined, sent to jail or lose your driver's licence. If you get caught driving while your licence is suspended for a criminal code conviction, your vehicle may even be impounded.
- Parking offences
- Disobeying a stop sign
- Impaired driving
Keeps the roads safe for drivers and other road users. Also, enforcement controls chaos.
Control Measures of Enforcement:
- Demerit Points
- Cost (lawyer fees etc)
Road safety is NO ACCIDENT - Driver errors cause 85% of all collisions.
Every year collisions kill 1,100 people and injure 90,000 more (declined in recent years)
Every 8 hours 1 person dies
Every 6 minutes someone is injured
Collision cost Ontario $9 billion every year. Much of that enormous cost is loss of productivity and the pain and suffering caused by collisions.
8,000,000 Hours of Police Work
150,000 Days of Health Care
74,000 Visits to the Emergency Rooms
38,000 Ambulance Calls
9,000 Fire Department Calls
- Meet safety regulations