World Civ Essay

Submitted By derek914
Words: 2146
Pages: 9

Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt The time period of 3000-1500 BC was known as the age of god kings. In the book Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt by Rosalie David, it teaches you many things of the life in Ancient Egypt. 3000-1500 BC starts and finishes with different time periods. It starts from the Archaic Period all the way to the beginning of the New Kingdom. Reading the book will help you learn about the specific events, monuments, pyramids built, rulers, objects and artifacts that took place during these periods of times. In the book, Rosalie David is trying to give the readers a thoroughly explained historical background of all aspects of life in Ancient Egypt from 3000-1500 BC. The Archaic Period, Old Kingdom, First Intermediate Period, Middle Kingdom, Second Intermediate Period and beginning of the New Kingdom were during the time period 3000-1500 BC. The time periods covered from 3000-1500 BC went through many adversities. For example, there are at least three different rulers during each period of time and can get up to about six or seven. You will see if the rulers were successful or not. The book gives you great and much knowledge of what took place during all these periods of times. For example, throughout these time periods there were important rulers and main events that occurred in their reigns. Many monuments were built and then taking down for many reasons, pyramids were built, different rulers took over, lands unified, and many new dynasties were formed. The number of new dynasties that were created is over 15! At the start of the 3000 BC, the Archaic Period was created. It started in 3100 BC. During that time period was the start of dynasties, Dynasty One and Two. With the First Dynasty, the capital moved from Abydos to Memphis with a unified Egypt ruled by an Egyptian god-king. Abydos remained the major holy land in the south. The hallmarks of ancient Egyptian civilization, such as art, architecture and many aspects of religion, took shape during the Early Dynastic period. It also was the start of the historical period. People who lived during the Archaic Period always said that “art is beautiful, it’s what keeps my day going and brightens it up”. “Archaic Egypt” refers to the first Two Dynasties, when Menes and his descendants established the main elements of a united kingdom. Menes found the unified kingdom of Egypt with capital at the White Walls, which later was known as Memphis and became a great city of the world. The White Walls was where the royal family lived. Tradition claimed that Menes was the founded of historic Egypt. Once The Archaic Period came to an end in 2686 BC, The Old Kingdom became the new time period and took over. The old kingdom started in 2686 BC. The Old Kingdom is most commonly regarded as the period from the Third Dynasty through to the Sixth Dynasty. During the Old Kingdom, the king of Egypt (not called the Pharaoh until the New Kingdom) became a living god, who ruled absolutely and could demand the services and wealth of his subjects. Under King Djoser, the first king of the Third Dynasty of the Old Kingdom, the royal capital of Egypt was moved to Memphis, where Djoser established his court. A new era of building was initiated at Saqqara under his reign. King Djoser's architect, Imhotep is credited with the development of building with stone and with the conception of the new architectural form—the Step Pyramid. ." During the Old Kingdom, there are many pyramids built. Two pyramids are built at Dahshur, three at Giza (Cheops, Chephren, and Mycerinus). Also, Neferirkare and Niuserre are pyramids built at Abusir and Unas, Teti, Pepy I and Pepy II all built their pyramids at Saqqare.
Indeed, The Old Kingdom is perhaps best known for the large number of pyramids constructed at this time as paranoiac burial places. For this reason, the Old Kingdom is frequently referred to as "the Age of the Pyramids”. The Old Kingdom collapses and The First Intermediate Period…