Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that we should take action to fight against famine in the world.
Central Idea: If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it.
I. Attention Getter: Which countries were the first experience a period of famine? Sudan in Africa and Ethiopia, Holland and England or Bangladesh and Cambodia.
II. Listener Relevance Link: How many of you have ever feel hungry in your life and couldn’t get access to food for hours? How did you feel? Were you able to concentrate on anything in that particular day? These events happen in life and actually if this happens to you one day, you might know what famine means and actually this is nothing comparing to famine, because in some countries people stay many days without having anything to eat, the situation is alarming. Famine causes weight loss in adults and stunted growth in children. If the famine continues for any length of time, malnutrition starts to cause an increase in mortality. The young and the old tend to die first, and often diseases kill more individuals than overt starvation.
II. Speaker Credibility: I have spent the past couple weeks researching the dangers of famine, how to fight it against by using books and online research.
III. Thesis: In this speech, I will tell you all about the famines and how we can work together to end famine.
A huge problem with Famine in general is the effects it has on human life.
Characteristics and effects of famine. A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors, including crop failure, population unbalance, or government policies. This phenomenon is usually accompanied or followed by regional malnutrition, starvation, epidemic, and increased mortality. Nearly every continent in the world has experienced a period of famine throughout history. Some countries, particularly in Sub Sahara Africa, continue to have extreme cases of famine.
I. Famine in Human Body
A. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that about 805 million people of the 7.3 billion people in the world, or one in nine, were suffering from chronic undernourishment in 2012-2014. Almost all the hungry people, 791 million, live in developing countries, representing 13.5 percent, or one in eight, of the population of developing counties.That means one in nine people do not get enough food to be healthy and lead an active life. For instance, in Somalia, during 1992, half or more of all the children under five on January 1 were dead by 31 December—and around 90 per cent of these died from the interaction of malnutrition and disease. And today this still going on in Somalia and in Ethiopia and so on….
B. Children and famine: Children are the most visible victims of under nutrition. Black et al (2013) estimate that under nutrition in the aggregate—including fetal growth restriction, stunting, wasting, and deficiencies of vitamin A and zinc along with suboptimum breastfeeding—is a cause of 3·1 million child deaths annually or 45% of all child deaths in 2011 (Black et al. 2013). Under nutrition magnifies the effect of every disease, including measles and malaria. The estimated proportions of deaths in which under nutrition is an underlying cause are roughly similar for diarrhea (61%), malaria (57%), pneumonia (52%), and measles (45%) (Black 2003, Bryce 2005). Malnutrition can also be caused by diseases, such as the diseases that cause diarrhea, by reducing the body's ability to convert food into usable nutrients.
Let’s visualize some people experienced famine
It was very difficult for me to watch this video and I know…