Chapter 1 Review Questions 1) Summarize three elements of the controversy about globalization. * Great inequality between rich and poor * Export-oriented at expense of locals (job less) * Not a “natural process” (man influenced)
2) Why is it common to use two different concepts—nation and state—to describe political entities?
Nation is a large group of people with shared culture.
State is a political entity with clearly defined boundary.
3) How do functional regions differ from formal and vernacular regions?
Functional regions are where a certain activity commonly takes place; whereas formal and vernacular regions are based off of cultural features and in ones mind.
4) Describe the differences between counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency
Counter terrorism is the neutralization of terrorist activities.
Counter-insurgency is designed to win over the local population and deprive insurgents of a political base. Insurgency is a political rebellion or uprising.
5) Explain the difference between GDP and GNI.
GDP (gross domestic product) services and goods INSIDE border
GNI (gross national income) TOTAL inside and outside border
Chapter 4 Key Terms Altiplanoaltitudinal zonationBolsa FamiliaCentral American Free Trade Association (CAFTA)dependency theorydollarizationEl Ninograssificationinformal sectorlatifundiamaquiladoramegacityMercosur | MestizominifundianeoliberalismneotropicsOrganization of American States (OAS)remittanceshieldsquatter settlementssubnational organizationsupranational organizationsyncretic religionTreaty of TordesillasUNASUR (Union of South American Nations)urban primacy |
Chapter 4 Review Questions 1) Summarize some of the major environmental issues impacting this region and how different countries have tried to address them.
Deforestation (caused by commercial logging, agriculture and ranching)
Loss of biodiversity
Livability of urban areas
Water availability and quality