World History II Essay April 2015

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Alex Funk
World History II
Mr. Teal
Period 6
April 6, 2015 Throughout the 1800s and early 1900s, there were two main empires in Europe: The Hapsburg Empire and Ottoman Empire. They both had many things about them. However, there was a period of time where Dual Monarchy was in place between Austria and Hungary. Both empires soon declined through the individual state’s nationalism.
In the 1800s, the Hapsburg Empire consisted of Austria, Bohemia, Hungary, Romania, Poland, Ukraine, and parts of Northern Italy. Nationalism contributed to the decline of the Hapsburg Empire because the empire consisted of many different nations, the people of the nations were becoming prideful in their own nations, and started to deny the rule of the Hapsburg Empire. Soon enough, almost all of the lands were denying the rule of the Hapsburg Empire and the empire eventually fell. Dual Monarchy was where there were two separate states, but they were ruled by one monarch. In this case, it was Austria and Hungary. Francis Joseph ruled both of the states. However, both states had its own parliament and its own constitution. The two states had the same finances, defenses, and foreign affairs, but other than that and the same ruler, they were independent from each other. It formed as a result of Hungarians pressuring the people in rule for change. In the 1800s, the Ottoman Empire consisted of Eastern Europe, the Balkans, North Africa, and the Middle East. The Ottoman Empire became known as the “sick man of Europe” because of the nationalist uproar in all the separate states. They all