Essay on World War Ii and Physical Therapy

Words: 520
Pages: 3

According to the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) “The development and use of the interventions commonly applied by physical therapists today, including exercise, massage and mobilization of tissues, heat, cold, water, and electricity, dates back to Greek culture and Hippocrates’ influence as the father of Western medicine.” During the 1500s – 1700s common practices of using exercise and massages to treat muscle and bone disorders and disabilities were put into action. By the 1800s, in Europe exercise and muscle re-education were being practiced for various injuries and orthopedic diseases. With the help of many events around the globe, physical therapy was able to be recognized as a health care profession during the 20th century. APTA states “1917 was the start of the profession.” Although physical therapy was originally originated through Greek culture, it quickly was displayed to the United States. With the US entering World War I, the need for restoring function in soldiers increased. Later quick aid was necessary in order for the country to stay in war. Physical therapy gained public recognition and the Army Medical Department, the Division of Special Hospitals and Physical Reconstruction, soon developed reconstruction programs. The profession of physical therapy had begun. Practice in this field continued to be influenced by war during World War II and the 1950s through the Korean War. The polio epidemic remained growing all during the 19th century. Important discoveries and advances in technology have shaped the evolution of physical therapy as a profession. With the change demands and needs in this field new requirement were established. Education requirements and standards increased, and later professional degrees were obligatory. In over 100 years physical therapy went from only training programs to the status of the doctor of physical therapy degree. “Intensive professional education program that typically follows completion of an undergraduate degree and that culminates in the awarding of the doctor of physical therapy degree” (APTA) is now mandatory. Over decades, the profession of