Zhoucheng Li Biology 1 Essay

Submitted By lizhoucheng
Words: 1141
Pages: 5

Zhoucheng Li
Description
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness which is also called manic-depression. Patients with bipolar disorder have poor emotional conditions either extremely excite or excessively depressive. Key issues of manic-depression are gene, disorder within the brain system or environmental intervention factors. This disease is not infectious by viruses or worms. Individuals with manic-depression perform extremely abnormally from others, or their moods will be extremely unstable. If timely treatment cannot be offered then the nerve & mental system will be collapsed to be world-weary. Modern age is fierce that individuals face heavier pressures, then the attention to bipolar disorder should be taken into consideration. Therefore, understanding of bipolar disorder will be essential to seek how to better cure this modern hidden disease.
Epidemiology
Bipolar disorder has the potential risk that people with mental issues will have more possibilities to commit suicide. About 13-20% individuals experience bipolar across their lives, the lifetime prevalence is about 6.1-9.5%. The total global population of people with manic-depression is about 350 million. Appropriately 1 million individuals die from bipolar disorder every year, men are more inclined to have bipolar disorder than women, while men may be more likely to commit suicide than women, moreover, unemployed individuals and divorcees are more likely to be depressed, the age range may be from 45-64, besides, 1/10 postpartum women will be easily affected. Therefore, it is essential to care more about needs of patients and help them to recover quickly,
Chromosome(s)/gene(s) involved
One cause of bipolar disorder is related to genetic concerns. If a family has a history of bipolar disorder, then people with certain genes will be more likely to be affected. Nonetheless, for twins, the chance of disease regarding bipolar disorder cannot be completely determined by the chromosome problems or genetic concerns, although twins share common genes from their parents, one of them may not be affected by the bipolar disorder gene to affect their mental conditions. It implies that the forming reason of bipolar disorder will be more complex. Aside from the genetic factor, medical techniques need to be improved while more concerns should be paid to patients themselves in order to identify causes. Therefore, when treating patients with mental diseases, the society should be more careful and patient.
Risk factors
In the real life, there are some risk factors to make slight symptoms of depression more serious. Aside from inevitable genetic and family issues, environmental aspects and life-style influences will be relative. For example, individuals experience unhappy childhood may have more mental problems after growing up and to cause potential manic-depression; for adults, if the surrounding environment is extremely competitive, more depressed emotions may be caused, then individuals will resist the outside since they are over anxious; considering the factor of life-style, irregularities in the diet and daily schedule will cause the situation of bipolar disorder, while for some individuals who drink seriously and use drugs, their mental conditions will be chaotic, continuously, the probability of causing manic-depression will be increased. It is obvious that reasons to cause manic-depression will be diversified. However, multiple reasons when facing the illness of bipolar disorder will be challenging even considering the contemporary medicine; moreover, mental illnesses can be treated while they cannot be cured completely; furthermore, negative moods carried by persons who have manic-depression will affect others and to lead to the passive emotions. Therefore, treatments for manic-depression should be innovative and multi-dimension.
Symptoms
Some symptoms can be identified in the case of bipolar disorder. Firstly, the emotional fluctuation of individuals with mental issues…