What is bacterial resistance? Well bacterial resistance is a bacteria’s ability to survive in the presence of a chemical agent, such as antibiotics or antimicrobials. I want to discuss how bacteria get there resistances, what the causes are, and how this will affect people. There are all types of different microorganisms that have some sort of resistance to antibiotics but how did they come to be resistant? This is one of the main questions that I want to answer. Are we responsible for the resistance of most bacteria? Yes we are, there are many ways that we are responsible for the added resistance of most bacteria in today’s world. When we talk about resistance most people don’t think about livestock or pets. However livestock is one of the leading causes for bacteria to develop resistance to drugs. It is a well-known fact that using measured doses of penicillin and tetracycline helps to improve the growth of livestock. Farmers give livestock large doses of penicillin to help with growth along with fight infections. Pet food also plays a role in the development of resistance to antibiotics (CDC). Today for example the food we give our dogs has antibiotics added to it. In a study that was conducted 70% of the feces collected from dogs contained strains of resistant E.coli (herbs2000). So continuous dosages of antibiotics in livestock and animal food has added to the resistance of bacteria and lead bacteria to evolve due to continuous exposure to antibiotics. So taking this into consideration we need to outlaw the use of antibiotics in the food of dogs; antibiotic resistance is becoming a major epidemic and is something that is getting worse and worse each day. When talking about how we are responsible for bacterial resistance we need to look at doctors and patients themselves. We as patients demand drugs for every little thing we get a little cough and we immediately go to the doctor to get a prescription. However our doctors just give in to our demands and write prescriptions for everything. With doctors prescribing drugs all the time and our miss use of them. This leads bacteria to be over exposed to antibiotics and develop resistance. Continuous exposure to antibiotics allows bacteria to become familiar with them, causing them to become resistant. It is also our fault we are prescribed antibiotics all the time. We take antibiotics to get better however when we start to feel better we stop taking the antibiotics. We don’t take them for the time the doctor says or until they are all gone. The antibiotic kills a percentage of the bacteria but those that it doesn’t kill develop a resistance over time to that particular antibiotic. So when we get sick again that particular antibiotic is less affective and the next time even less affective and so on, until it has developed a complete immunity to that particular antibiotic. Therefore doctors need to watch how much they prescribe antibiotics and patients taking antibiotics need to make sure that they take all of them and not just till they “feel better”. If we take these precautions we can cut down on the amount of bacterial resistance. Along with doctors and patients abuse of prescriptions our government is also at fault. Our government ships excess drugs to different countries. Yes, in some cases this is a great thing when used in moderation. However like the example you used in class about the lady traveling to Tijuana to get prescription drugs this is not ok. Maybe she was going down there to get them because she couldn’t afford them here but that’s not what I’m focusing on. I’m focusing on the fact that in underdeveloped countries you can walk up and get prescription antibiotics over the counter. This leads to self-medication, which is not good when dealing with all bacteria. The average person does not have the medical knowledge to know what antibiotics to take for what ailments. The average person also doesn’t know what dosages to take or how long to take them.
oil soap, caramel and water. The main ingredient in Dettol which makes it a disinfectant chloroxylenol, this acts to kill germs and reduce Inflammation.
The next main ingredient is Isopropyl alcohol, has antiseptic effects which gives Dettol the ability to kill bacteria and fungi, another ingredient is also pine oil, when pine oil is diluted in water it emulsifies, or forms a cloudy liquid. This cloudiness also occurs when Dettol is diluted. Pine oil has antiseptic and disinfectant properties and…
Triclosan and Antibacterial Resistance
Triclosan is a common household antibiotic that is found in products ranging fro soap to deodorant. There have been many questions raised as to the ability of triclosan to promote antibiotic resistance to bacteria.
Antibiotics are a class of substances that can kill or inhibit the growth of some group of microorganisms, such as bacteria. Pencillin, the first antibiotics were derivatives of molds and fungi. While other…
movement, and clarity of speech so that activities of daily living and communications maybe affected, but the individuals is still able to function. Severe – describe manifestations that significantly affect the ability to walk, use the hands, or communicate so that the individual ability to functions in activities of daily living or communicate is extensively compromised.
There are many types of how Cerebral Palsy can happen; premature infants are at a much higher risk for developing cerebral…
Associate Program Material
Levels of Life Worksheet
Complete all three parts of this worksheet.
Part I: Atomic Structure – Fill in the missing information on atomic structure and organic compounds.
Location in an Atom
Large Biological Molecule
Atoms it Contains
Function(s) in Living…
from an early age, from being picked-on at school for head lice or similar, or as a way of making themselves more attractive to the opposite sex. Self-esteem, confidence and motivation can all be altered by our body image, often reflected on our ability to care for ourselves and keep good hygiene practices. A bright white smile with clean and healthy teeth can endear people to us, whereas brown, unhealthy teeth can cause embarrassment and can alter our sense of well-being. Healthy hair, skin and…
Title: The Effect of LB, AMP, ARA, and pGlO on the E.Coli’s ability to grow or not.
Purpose: The purpose is to see the gene transformation in infected bacteria (E.Coli) added to the pGlO jellyfish gene.
1. If LB and (-)pGLO are added to E.Coli then, there will be max bacteria growth, and it will not glow.
2. If LB, Ampicillin and (-)pGLO are added to E.Coli then, there will be no bacterial growth, and it won’t glow.
3. If LB, ampiillin, and (+)pGLO are added E.Coli, then…
Martinko (2006) state there is a maximum temperature for survival, beyond which viability decreases and death occurs, this suggests at 60°C the E. coli bacteria, protein’s denature and can no longer function biological processes. Also damaging the bacteria’s S-layer making it more susceptible to heat (Madigan and Martinko 2006).
Within table two…
The Immune System contains a highly complex system made up of special cells, molecules and tissues. It gives the human body protection against damaging or potentially life threatening viruses and bacteria’s. The bodies’ ability to defend against these germs is called immunity. Immunity is the ability to protect from highly infectious diseases and viruses that attack the human body.
The immune system contains white blood cells also known as leukocytes. White blood cells play a very important part…
is with each experiment, more and more confidence was built with identifying the unknown.
While performing the Gram stain, amongst the purple bacilli, a clear area in the center of the rods. These clear areas were identified as the bacteria’s endospores. Because endospores are sturdy and impermeable to crystal violet, they appeared as transparent holes in the cells. This was a crucial point in the unknown process to identifying unknown 21 microorgamism, as Bacillus megaterium was the…
was not until 2003 when the government proposed the Meat and Poultry Pathogen Reduction and Enforcement Act that some action was taken in regards to this issue. But you have to remember that Kevin’s Law, the law to help strengthen the government’s ability to prevent contaminated meat and poultry from entering the food supply, took nine years, until 2011, for it to…